NAE publications offer expertise and insights from a range of perspectives designed to spur thoughtful discussion. These publications include evidence-based consensus study reports of committees of experts; presentations from NAE members and other experts; and NAE Perspectives offered by individual experts.
The views expressed in these perspectives are those of the authors and not necessarily of the authors’ organizations, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the National Academies). These perspectives are intended to help inform and stimulate discussion. They are not publications of the NAE or the National Academies. Copyright by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.
Consensus Study Reports:
Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.
Rapid Expert Consultation:
Rapid Expert Consultations published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are authored by subject-matter experts on narrowly focused topics that can be supported by a body of evidence. The discussions contained in rapid expert consultations are considered those of the authors and do not contain policy recommendations. Rapid expert consultations are reviewed by the institution before release.