Reliable collections of science-based environmental information are vital for many groups of users and for a number of purposes. For example, electric utility companies predict demand during heat waves, structural engineers design buildings to withstand hurricanes and earthquakes, water managers monitor each winter's snow pack, and farmers plant and harvest crops based on daily weather predictions. Understanding the impact of human activities on climate, water, ecosystems, and species diversity, and assessing how natural systems may respond in the future are becoming increasingly important for public policy decisions.
Environmental information systems gather factual information, transform it into information products, and distribute the products to users. Typical uses of the information require long-term consistency; hence the operation of the information system requires a long-term commitment from an institution, agency, or corporation. The need to keep costs down provides a strong motivation for creating multipurpose information systems that satisfy scientific, commercial and operational requirements, rather than systems that address narrow objectives. Resolving Conflicts Arising from the Privatization of Environmental Data focuses on such shared systems.
National Research Council. 2001. Resolving Conflicts Arising from the Privatization of Environmental Data. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10237.
|THE NEED FOR RELIABLE INFORMATION||1-2|
|THE ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM TREE||3-3|
|A PROCESS FOR NEGOTIATING AMONG STAKEHOLDERS||4-4|
|COMMERCIALIZATION AND PRIVATIZATION||5-6|
|A CHANGING WORLD||7-10|
|THE INFORMATION TREE||11-12|
|ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT||13-14|
|GOVERNMENT AGENCY VIEWS||23-24|
|POLICY MAKER VIEWS||25-26|
|GENERAL PUBLIC VIEWS||27-28|
|3 Environmental Information Systems||29-30|
|Elements of the Information System||31-34|
|The Cycle for Updating Environmental Information Systems||35-36|
|Economic Characteristics of the Provision of Environmental Information||40-41|
|The Rationale for Public Funding for the Trunk and Roots||42-45|
|The Potential for Commercializing Branches||46-47|
|The Potential for Purchasing Data From Commercial Entities||48-48|
|REQUIREMENTS OF PUBLIC-PURPOSE ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION TREES||49-52|
|5 War and Peace Among Stakeholders||53-53|
|Potential Conflicts in the Roots||54-58|
|Potential Conflicts in the Trunk||59-62|
|Potential Conflicts in the Branches||63-64|
|Confidential Government Data||65-67|
|INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS||68-71|
|OVERALL LESSONS LEARNED||72-72|
|THE NEED FOR A PROCESS OF NEGOTIATING AMONG STAKEHOLDERS||73-74|
|Purchasing Data for Scientific Research||75-77|
|Purchasing Value-Added Products and Services||78-78|
|GUIDELINES FOR INTERACTIONS BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND PRIVATE-SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS||79-79|
|Purchasing Data and Public-Private Partnerships||80-80|
|Commercializing Government Data||81-81|
|Privatizing Government Functions||82-83|
|Appendix A Scientific Practices||91-94|
|COPYRIGHT AND FAIR USE||95-96|
|Appendix C Acronyms||99-99|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.