This study, commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), examines the role of robotic exploration missions in assessing the risks to the first human missions to Mars. Only those hazards arising from exposure to environmental, chemical, and biological agents on the planet are assessed. To ensure that it was including all previously identified hazards in its study, the Committee on Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Surface of Mars referred to the most recent report from NASA's Mars Exploration Program/ Payload Analysis Group (MEPAG) (Greeley, 2001). The committee concluded that the requirements identified in the present NRC report are indeed the only ones essential for NASA to pursue in order to mitigate potential hazards to the first human missions to Mars.
National Research Council. 2002. Safe on Mars: Precursor Measurements Necessary to Support Human Operations on the Martian Surface. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10360.
|2. The Mars Program in Context||9-14|
|3. Physical Environmental Hazards||15-27|
|4. Chemical Environmental Hazards||28-36|
|5. Potential Hazards of the Biological Environment||37-44|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||45-47|
|Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||48-50|
|Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations||51-52|
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