The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool?
The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence.
The book looks at:
The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternatives—such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.
National Research Council. 2003. The Polygraph and Lie Detection. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10420.
|1 Lie Detection and the Polygraph||11-28|
|2 Validity and Its Measurement||29-64|
|3 The Scientific Basis for Polygraph Testing||65-105|
|4 Evidence from Polygraph Research: Qualitative Assessment||106-120|
|5 Evidence from Polygraph Research: Quantitative Assessment||121-153|
|6 Alternative Techniques and Technologies||154-177|
|7 Uses of Polygraph Tests||178-211|
|8 Conclusions and Recommendations||212-231|
|Appendix A: Polygraph Questioning and Techniques||253-258|
|Appendix B: Use of Polygraph Screening in the U.S. Department of Energy and Other Federal Agencies||259-279|
|Appendix C: The Wen Ho Lee Case and the Polygraph||280-285|
|Appendix D: Physiological Processes Measured by the Polygraph||286-290|
|Appendix E: Historical Notes on the Modern Polygraph||291-297|
|Appendix F: Computerized Scoring of Polygraph Data||298-322|
|Appendix G: Process for Systematic Review of Polygraph Validation Studies||323-339|
|Appendix H: Quantitative Assessment of Polygraph Test Accuracy||340-353|
|Appendix I: False Positive Index Values for Polygraph Testing||354-357|
|Appendix J: Decision Analysis of Polygraph Security Screening||358-363|
|Appendix K: Combining Information Sources in Medical Diagnosis and Security Screening||364-374|
|Appendix L: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff||375-380|
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