Each year it is estimated that approximately 40,000 people in the U.S. are newly infected with HIV. In the late 1990s, the number of deaths from AIDS dropped 43% as a result of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Unfortunately, the complex system currently in place for financing and delivering publicly financed HIV care undermines the significant advances that have been made in the development of new technologies to treat it. Many HIV patients experience delays in access to other services that would support adhering to treatment. As a result, each year opportunities are missed that could reduce the mortality, morbidity, and disability suffered by individuals with HIV infections.
Public Financing and Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care examines the current standard of care for HIV patients and assesses the extent the system currently used for financing and delivering care allows individuals with HIV to actually receive it. The book recommends an expanded federal program for the treatment of individuals with HIV, administered at the state level. This program would provide timely access and consistent benefits with a strong focus on comprehensive and continuous care and access to antiretroviral therapy. It could help improve the quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients, as well as reduce the number of deaths among those infected.
Institute of Medicine. 2005. Public Financing and Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care: Securing the Legacy of Ryan White. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10995.
|Prologue and Executive Summary||1-26|
|1 Introduction: Securing the Legacy of Ryan White||27-35|
|2 HIV/AIDS Care in the Third Decade: Opportunities and Challenges in the Changing Epidemic||36-72|
|3 Current Financing and Delivery of HIV Care||73-106|
|4 Barriers to HIV Care||107-140|
|5 Options for Financing and Delivering HIV Care||141-177|
|Appendix A: Technical Appendix Estimating the Impact and Cost of Expanded HIV Care Programs||213-245|
|Appendix B: Overview of Care Act Allocation Formulas||246-249|
|Appendix C: Mental Illness and HIV Comorbidity: A Large and Vulnerable HIV Subpopulation||250-267|
|Appendix D: Financing HIV/AIDS Care: A Quilt With Many Holes||268-312|
|Appendix E: Towards an Understanding of Meeting HIV-Infected Substance Users||313-339|
|Appendix F: Committee on the Public Financing and Delivery of HIV Care||340-346|
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