Burning coal in electric utility plants produces, in addition to power, residues that contain constituents which may be harmful to the environment. The management of large volumes of coal combustion residues (CCRs) is a challenge for utilities, because they must either place the CCRs in landfills, surface impoundments, or mines, or find alternative uses for the material. This study focuses on the placement of CCRs in active and abandoned coal mines. The committee believes that placement of CCRs in mines as part of the reclamation process may be a viable option for the disposal of this material as long as the placement is properly planned and carried out in a manner that avoids significant adverse environmental and health impacts. This report discusses a variety of steps that are involved in planning and managing the use of CCRs as minefills, including an integrated process of CCR characterization and site characterization, management and engineering design of placement activities, and design and implementation of monitoring to reduce the risk of contamination moving from the mine site to the ambient environment. Enforceable federal standards are needed for the disposal of CCRs in minefills to ensure that states have adequate, explicit authority and that they implement minimum safeguards.
National Research Council. 2006. Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/11592.
|2 Coal Combustion Residues||27-58|
|3 Behavior of Coal Combustion Residues in the Environment||59-80|
|4 Potential Impacts from Placement of CCRs in Coal Mines||81-104|
|5 Current Regulatory Framework||105-126|
|6 Characterization for CCR Management||127-154|
|7 Management of CCR in Reclamation Activities||155-176|
|8 Synthesis of Issues for Planning and Regulation of CCR Mine Placement||177-186|
|A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff||203-210|
|B Information Provided to the Committee||211-216|
|D Acronyms and Abbreviations||227-228|
|E Side By Side Comparison RCRA to SMCRA||229-252|
|F Regulatory Requirements for Isolation||253-256|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.