The remarkable increase in the prevalence of obesity among children and youth in the United States over a relatively short timespan represents one of the defining public health challenges of the 21st century. The country is beginning to recognize childhood obesity as a major public health epidemic that will incur substantial costs to the nation. However, the current level of investment by the public and private sectors still does not match the extent of the problem. There is a substantial underinvestment of resources to adequately address the scope of this obesity crisis.
At this early phase in addressing the epidemic, actions have begun on a number of levels to improve the dietary patterns and to increase the physical activity levels of young people. Schools, corporations, youth-related organizations, families, communities, foundations, and government agencies are working to implement a variety of policy changes, new programs, and other interventions. These efforts, however, generally remain fragmented and small in scale.
Moreover, the lack of systematic monitoring and evaluation of interventions have hindered the development of an evidence base to identify, apply, and disseminate lessons learned and to support promising efforts to prevent childhood obesity.
Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? examines the progress made by obesity prevention initiatives in the United States from 2004 to 2006. This book emphasizes a call to action for key stakeholders and sectors to commit to and demonstrate leadership in childhood obesity prevention, evaluates all policies and programs, monitors their progress, and encourages stakeholders to widely disseminate promising practices. This book will be of interest to federal, state, and local government agencies; educators and schools; public health and health care professionals; private-sector companies and industry trade groups; media; parents; and those involved in implementing community-based programs and consumer advocacy.
Institute of Medicine. 2007. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/11722.
|2 Framework for Evaluating Progress||32-73|
|3 Diverse Populations||74-108|
|9 Assessing the Nation\'s Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity||351-366|
|Appendix A Acronyms||367-371|
|Appendix B Glossary||372-389|
|Appendix C Surveillance and Monitoring Activities||390-394|
|Appendix D Examples of Recent Federal Agency Programs, Initiatives, and Surveillance Systems for Supporting and Monitoring the Prevention of Obesity in U.S. Children and Youth||395-411|
|Appendix E Compilation of Recommendations and Implementation Actions||412-423|
|Appendix F IOM Regional Symposium Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Schools||424-428|
|Appendix G IOM Regional Symposium Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities||429-433|
|Appendix H IOM Regional Symposium Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Industry||434-436|
|Appendix I Biographical Sketches||437-448|
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The video centers on the idea of “cross-sector work.” When considering the challenge of obesity in the U.S., this idea is of particular importance. There are many conflicting theories of what causes obesity, and many ideas of what solutions will work to solve it. There’s a lot of debate about what’s working, and if obesity rates are declining, increasing, or remaining stable. However, from communities where steady drops in obesity rates have been seen, cross-sector approaches to prevention have played a major role.
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