Natural and human-induced changes in Earth's interior, land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans affect all aspects of life. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and USGS in developing these tools, the NRC was asked to carry out a "decadal strategy" survey of Earth science and applications from space that would develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015 and beyond, and present a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This report presents a vision for the Earth science program; an analysis of the existing Earth Observing System and recommendations to help restore its capabilities; an assessment of and recommendations for new observations and missions for the next decade; an examination of and recommendations for effective application of those observations; and an analysis of how best to sustain that observation and applications system.
National Research Council. 2007. Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/11820.
|Part I: An Integrated Strategy for Earth Science and Applications from Space, 1 Earth Science: Scientific Discovery and Societal Applications||17-26|
|2 The Next Decade of Earth Observations from Space||27-60|
|3 From Satellite Observations to Earth Information||61-78|
|Part II: Mission Summaries, 4 Summaries of Recommended Missions||79-140|
|Part III: Reports from the Decadal Survey Panels, 5 Earth Science Applications and Societal Benefits||141-151|
|6 Human Health and Security||152-189|
|7 Land-Use Change, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biodiversity||190-216|
|8 Solid-Earth Hazards, Natural Resources, and Dynamics||217-256|
|9 Climate Variability and Change||257-303|
|10 Weather Science and Applications||304-337|
|11 Water Resources and the Global Hydrologic Cycle||338-380|
|Appendix A Statement of Task||381-384|
|Appendix B Biographical Information for Committee Members and Staff||385-391|
|Appendix C Blending Earth Observations and Models -- The Successful Paradigm of Weather Forecasting||392-409|
|Appendix D Request for Information from Community||410-412|
|Appendix E List of Responses to Request for Information||413-422|
|Appendix F Acronyms and Abbreviations||423-428|
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