Human behavior forms the nucleus of military effectiveness. Humans operating in the complex military system must possess the knowledge, skills, abilities, aptitudes, and temperament to perform their roles effectively in a reliable and predictable manner, and effective military management requires understanding of how these qualities can be best provided and assessed. Scientific research in this area is critical to understanding leadership, training and other personnel issues, social interactions and organizational structures within the military.
The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) asked the National Research Council to provide an agenda for basic behavioral and social research focused on applications in both the short and long-term. The committee responded by recommending six areas of research on the basis of their relevance, potential impact, and timeliness for military needs: intercultural competence; teams in complex environments; technology-based training; nonverbal behavior; emotion; and behavioral neurophysiology. The committee suggests doubling the current budget for basic research for the behavioral and social sciences across U.S. military research agencies. The additional funds can support approximately 40 new projects per year across the committee's recommended research areas.
Human Behavior in Military Contexts includes committee reports and papers that demonstrate areas of stimulating, ongoing research in the behavioral and social sciences that can enrich the military's ability to recruit, train, and enhance the performance of its personnel, both organizationally and in its many roles in other cultures.
National Research Council. 2008. Human Behavior in Military Contexts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12023.
|PART I: COMMITTEE REPORT||5-6|
|2 Intercultural Competence||20-28|
|3 Teams in Complex Environments||29-38|
|4 Technology and Training||39-45|
|5 Nonverbal Communication||46-54|
|7 Behavioral Neurophysiology||64-69|
|PART II: PAPERS||83-84|
|Culture and Negotiations--Michele J. Gelfand||85-105|
|Adult Second Language Acquisition: A Cognitive Science Perspective--Judith F. Kroll||106-126|
|Technology-Based Training--Arthur C. Graesser and Brandon King||127-149|
|Nonverbal Communication--Nicole C. Krämer||150-188|
|The Science of Emotion: What People Believe, What the Evidence Shows, and Where to Go From Here--Lisa Feldman Barrett||189-216|
|Neurophysiological Approaches to Understanding Behavior--Todd F. Heatherton, Anne C. Krendl, and Dylan D. Wagner||217-238|
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