The national security controls that regulate access to and export of science and technology are broken. As currently structured, many of these controls undermine our national and homeland security and stifle American engagement in the global economy, and in science and technology. These unintended consequences arise from policies that were crafted for an earlier era. In the name of maintaining superiority, the U.S. now runs the risk of becoming less secure, less competitive and less prosperous.
Beyond "Fortress America" provides an account of the costs associated with building walls that hamper our access to global science and technology that dampen our economic potential. The book also makes recommendations to reform the export control process, ensure scientific and technological competitiveness, and improve the non-immigrant visa system that regulates entry into the United States of foreign science and engineering students, scholars, and professionals.
Beyond "Fortress America" contains vital information and action items for the President and policy makers that will affect the United States' ability to compete globally. Interested parties—including military personnel, engineers, scientists, professionals, industrialists, and scholars—will find this book a valuable tool for stemming a serious decline affecting broad areas of the nation's security and economy.
National Research Council. 2009. Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12567.
|Appendix A: Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security Roster||83-84|
|Appendix B: The Committee on Science, Security, and Prosperity Biographies||85-98|
|Appendix C: Background on the Roundtable/Commission on Scientific Communication and National Security||99-100|
|Appendix D: Recent Studies and Initiatives Outside the National Academies||101-106|
|Appendix E: Principal Studies Sponsored by the National Academies That Address the Impact of National Security Controls on the Conduct of Science and Technology||107-109|
|Appendix F: U.S. Government Agency Jurisdiction and Export Decision Tree||110-122|
|Appendix G: Possible Topics for Future Research||123-126|
|Appendix H: ITAR and CCL Control Lists by Category||127-128|
|Appendix I: Principles to Underpin the Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL)||129-130|
|Appendix J: Export Control Legislation in the 110th Congress||131-134|
|Appendix K: Commerce Control List Overlap with Multilateral Agreements||135-138|
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