Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for—and in many cases is already affecting—a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations.
As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change.
Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.
This title is part of the America's Climate Change project, the National Research Council's most comprehensive study of climate change to date.
National Research Council. 2010. Advancing the Science of Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12782.
|1 Introduction: Science for Understanding and Responding to Climate Change||19-26|
|2 What We Know About Climate Change and Its Interactions with People and Ecosystems||27-82|
|3 A New Era of Climate Change Research||83-90|
|4 Integrative Themes for Climate Change Research||91-150|
|5 Recommendations for Meeting the Challenge of Climate Change Research||151-180|
|Part II: Technical Chapters||181-182|
|6 Changes in the Climate System||183-234|
|7 Sea Level Rise and the Coastal Environment||235-256|
|8 Freshwater Resources||257-270|
|9 Ecosystems, Ecosystem Services, and Biodiversity||271-290|
|10 Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food Production||291-308|
|11 Public Health||309-322|
|12 Cities and the Built Environment||323-332|
|14 Energy Supply and Use||349-376|
|15 Solar Radiation Management||377-388|
|16 National and Human Security||389-400|
|17 Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating Climate Policies||401-420|
|Appendix A: America's Climate Choices: Membership Lists||475-478|
|Appendix B: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change: Statement of Task||479-480|
|Appendix C: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change: Biographical Sketches||481-490|
|Appendix D: Uncertainty Terminology||491-492|
|Appendix E: The United States Global Change Research Program||493-496|
|Appendix F: Geoengineering Options to Respond to Climate Change: Steps to Establish a Research Agenda||497-500|
|Appendix G: Acronyms and Initialisms||501-504|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
This video follows Part 1 of the booklet, Climate Change: Evidence, Impacts, and Choices. It explains the current scientific consensus about the causes of climate change.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.