From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by 2050 and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society.
Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer.
National Research Council. 2010. Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12860.
|Part I: Introduction||5-6|
|Part II: Strategic Research Questions||19-20|
|1 How Are We Changing the Physical Environment of Earth's Surface?||21-30|
|2 How Can We Best Preserve Biological Diversity and Protect Endangered Ecosystems?||31-40|
|3 How Are Climate and Other Environmental Changes Affecting the Vulnerabilities of Coupled Human–Environment Systems?||41-48|
|4 How and Where Will 10 Billion People Live on Earth?||49-58|
|5 How Will We Sustainably Feed Everyone in the Coming Decade and Beyond?||59-66|
|6 How Does Where People Live Affect Their Health?||67-74|
|7 How Is the Movement of People, Goods, and Ideas Transforming the World?||75-82|
|8 How Is Economic Globalization Affecting Inequality?||83-90|
|9 How Are Geopolitical Shifts Influencing Peace and Stability?||91-96|
|10 How Might We Better Observe, Analyze, and Visualize a Changing World?||97-104|
|11 What Are the Societal Implications of Citizen Mapping and Mapping Citizens?||105-112|
|Part III: Moving Forward||113-114|
|Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies||147-152|
|Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations||153-154|
|Appendix C: AAG Open Session Agenda and Speakers||155-156|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.