Measuring the social and economic costs of violence can be difficult, and most estimates only consider direct economic effects, such as productivity loss or the use of health care services. Communities and societies feel the effects of violence through loss of social cohesion, financial divestment, and the increased burden on the healthcare and justice systems. Initial estimates show that early violence prevention intervention has economic benefits. The IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop to examine the successes and challenges of calculating direct and indirect costs of violence, as well as the potential cost-effectiveness of intervention.
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2012. Social and Economic Costs of Violence: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/13254.
|Part I: Workshop Overview||5-6|
|2 Approaches to Measurement and Costing Methodology||7-13|
|3 Challenges in Calculating Costs||14-16|
|4 Toward a Bigger Picture of the Costs of Violence||17-25|
|5 The Promise of Investing in Violence Prevention||26-30|
|Part II: Papers and Commentary from Workshop Speakers||31-32|
|6 Direct and Indirect Costs of Violence||33-83|
|7 Context and Place||84-112|
|8 Investing in Prevention||113-140|
|Appendix A: Workshop Agenda||141-146|
|Appendix B: Speaker Biographical Sketches||147-160|
|Appendix C: Planning Committee Biographical Sketches||161-163|
|Appendix D: Forum Member Biographical Sketches||164-178|
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