Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward reviews the science that underpins the Bureau of Land Management's oversight of free-ranging horses and burros on federal public lands in the western United States, concluding that constructive changes could be implemented. The Wild Horse and Burro Program has not used scientifically rigorous methods to estimate the population sizes of horses and burros, to model the effects of management actions on the animals, or to assess the availability and use of forage on rangelands.
Evidence suggests that horse populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations as well as healthy ecosystems. Promising fertility-control methods are available to help limit this population growth, however. In addition, science-based methods exist for improving population estimates, predicting the effects of management practices in order to maintain genetically diverse, healthy populations, and estimating the productivity of rangelands. Greater transparency in how science-based methods are used to inform management decisions may help increase public confidence in the Wild Horse and Burro Program.
National Research Council. 2013. Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/13511.
|1 Free-Ranging Horses and Burros in the Western United States||13-30|
|2 Estimating Population Size and Growth Rates||31-60|
|3 Population Processes||61-92|
|4 Methods and Effects of Fertility Management||93-142|
|5 Genetic Diversity in Free-Ranging Horse and Burro Populations||143-174|
|6 Population Models and Evaluation of Models||175-194|
|7 Establishing and Adjusting Appropriate Management Levels||195-238|
|8 Social Considerations in Managing Free-Ranging Horses and Burros||239-264|
|9 A Way Forward||265-270|
|Appendix A: Biographical Sketches||271-276|
|Appendix B: Previous National Research Council Reports on Free-Ranging Horses and Burros||277-284|
|Appendix C: Presentations to the Committee||285-286|
|Appendix D: Questions and Requests from the Committee||287-292|
|Appendix E: Herd Management Areas||293-306|
|Appendix F: Pairwise Values of Genetic Distance (Fst)||307-384|
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