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The pervasive, widespread problem of contaminated marine sediments is an environmental issue of national importance, arising from decades of intentionally and unintentionally using coastal waters for waste disposal. This book examines the extent and significance of the problem, reviews clean-up and remediation technologies, assesses alternative management strategies, identifies research and development needs, and presents the committee's major findings and recommendations. Five case studies examine different ways in which a variety of sediment contamination problems are being handled.

Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 1989. Contaminated Marine Sediments: Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

508 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-309-04095-2
Chapters skim
Front Matter i-xii
Executive Summary 1-3
Findings and Recommendations 4-19
Workshop Summaries 20-36
I. Extent of Contamination 37-37
National Perspective on Sediment Quality 38-46
National Status and Trends Program for Marine Environmental Quality 47-62
II. Classification of Contaminated Sediments 63-63
Use of Apparent Effects Threshold Approach (AET) in Classifying Contaminated Sediments 64-77
The Use of the Sediment Quality Triad in Classification of Sediment Contamination 78-99
A Review of the Data Supporting the Equilibrium Partitioning Approach to Establishing Sediment Quality Criteria 100-114
Marine Sediment Toxicity Tests 115-130
III. Significance of Contamination 131-131
Effects of Contaminated Sediments on Benthic Biota and Communities 132-154
Sediment Contamination and Marine Ecosystems: Potential Risks to Human Health 155-164
IV. Mobilization and Resuspension 165-165
Predicting the Dispersion and Fate of Contaminated Marine Sediments 166-177
Computer Simulation of DDT Distribution in Palos Verdes Shelf Sediments 178-198
V. Assessment and Selection of Remedial Technologies 199-199
Management Strategies for Disposal of Contaminated Sediments 200-220
Alternatives for Control/Treatment of Contaminated Dredged Material 221-238
Developments in Equipment Designed for Handling of Contaminated Sediments 239-261
Monitoring the Effectiveness of Capping for Isolating Contaminated Sediments 262-279
Remedial Technologies Used at International Joint Commission Areas of Concern 280-290
Economic Considerations of Managing Contaminated Marine Sediments 291-310
VI. Case Studies 311-311
New Bedford Harbor Superfund Project 312-350
Physical Transport Investigations at New Bedford, Massachusetts 351-364
PCB Pollution in the Upper Hudson River 365-400
Contamination of the Hudson River -- The Sediment Record 401-416
Kepone and the James River 417-424
Assessment of Contaminated Sediments in Commencement Bay (Puget Sound, Washington) 425-439
St. Paul Waterway Remedial Action and Habitat Restoration Project 440-461
Dredging and Disposal of Contaminated Marine Sediment for the U.S. Navy Carrier Battlegroup Homeport Project, Everett, Washington 462-482
Appendix A Biographies of Committee Members 483-485
Appendix B Coastal States Survey 486-487
Appendix C Workshop Participants 488-490
Appendix D Agenda 491-496

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