TRB’s Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 19: Effects of Psychoactive Chemicals on Commercial Driver Health and Performance: Stimulants, Hypnotics, Nutritional, and Other Supplements identifies available information and research gaps relating to the use of chemical substances by commercial drivers and is intended to provide up-to-date information to inform decision makers about the near-, mid-, and long-range planning needs for research and educational outreach programs.
The report is designed to help the commercial transportation safety community and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in addressing issues involving the proliferation and availability of psychoactive chemical substances.
Appendixes D and G to CTBSSP Synthesis 19 are available only in the pdf version of report.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Effects of Psychoactive Chemicals on Commercial Driver Health and Performance: Stimulants, Hypnotics, Nutritional, and Other Supplements. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/14534.
|Chapter One - Introduction||3-5|
|Chapter Two - Research Issues Regarding Psychoactive Chemicals||6-11|
|Chapter Three - Hypnotics and Sleep-Promoting Compounds||12-26|
|Chapter Four - Stimulants and Alertness-Enhancing Compounds||27-38|
|Chapter Five - Supplements: Nutritional, Herbal, Energy Boosters, Dietary, and Health Foods||39-49|
|Chapter Six - Medications and Commercial Driver Medical Certification: Report on a Survey of Medical Examiners of Commercial Drivers||50-61|
|Chapter Seven - Motor Carrier Policies on Driver Use of Chemical Substances||62-64|
|Chapter Eight - Synthesis Conclusions and Discussion||65-70|
|Appendix A - Additional Research on Chemicals Affecting Performance and Health||71-78|
|Appendix B - U.S. Military Policies Regarding Use of Hypnotics and Stimulants||79-82|
|Appendix C - Nutritional Supplements for Inducing Relaxation,Tension Release, Sleep, and More||83-92|
|Appendix D - References||93-111|
|Appendix E - Bibliography of Additional Readings||112-123|
|Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications||124-124|
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