Along with the widespread use of computers have come growing fears that working in front of video display terminals (VDTs) can irritate and even damage the eyes. Separating scientific fact from popular opinion, this report takes a critical look at the link between VDT use and eye discomfort and disease as well as at changes in visual performance and oculomotor function. Drawing on information from ergonomics, illuminating engineering, and industrial and organizational psychology, the report gives practical advice on optimal workstation design to improve the comfort, performance, and job satisfaction of VDT users.
National Research Council. 1983. Video Displays, Work, and Vision. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/169.
|1. Summary of Findings||5-29|
|2. Critique of Survey Methodology||30-43|
|3. Radiation Emissions and Their Effects||44-65|
|4. Display Characteristics||66-110|
|5. Lighting and Reflections||111-128|
|6. Anthropometry and Biomechanics in VDT Applications||129-142|
|7. Visual Tasks, Functions, and Symptoms||143-172|
|8. Job Design and Organizational Variables||173-193|
|9. Design, Practice, and Standards for VDT Equipment and Work||194-213|
|10. Research Needs||214-218|
|Appendix A: A Review of Methodology in Studies of Visual Functions||219-226|
|Appendix B: Review of a Preliminary Report on a Cross-Sectional Survey of VDT Users at the Baltimore Sun||227-234|
|Appendix C: Dissent||235-236|
|Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff||237-242|
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