The United States embarked on bold polices to enhance its food and agricultural system during the last half of the 19th century, investing first in the education of people and soon thereafter in research and discovery programs aimed at acquiring new knowledge needed to address the complex challenges of feeding a growing and hungry nation. Those policies, sustained over 125 years, have produced the most productive and efficient agricultural and food system in history.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is the primary agency responsible for supporting innovations and advances in food and agriculture. USDA funds are allocated to support research through several mechanisms, including the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). In 2008, Congress replaced USDA's National Research Initiative with AFRI, creating USDA's flagship competitive research grants program, and the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act, known as the Farm Bill, outlined the structure of the new program. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture assesses the effectiveness of AFRI in meeting the goals laid out by Congress and its success in advancing innovations and competitiveness in the U.S. food and agriculture system.
Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture evaluates the value, relevance, quality, fairness, and flexibility of AFRI. This report also considers funding policies and mechanisms and identifies measures of the effectiveness and efficiency of AFRI's operation. The study examines AFRI's role in advancing science in relation to other research and grant programs inside of USDA as well as how complementary it is to other federal research and development programs. The findings and conclusions of this report will help AFRI improve its functions and effectiveness in meeting its goals and outcomes.
National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/18652.
|2 The Global Landscape of Agricultural Research and Development||29-42|
|3 Value of the AFRI Program||43-78|
|4 A Quantitative Assessment of Project Input-Output Relationships in the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative||79-106|
|5 Program Management||107-142|
|6 Conclusions and Recommendations||143-160|
|Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||161-170|
|Appendix B: Presentations to the Committee||171-174|
|Appendix C: Web-Based Questionnaire||175-184|
|Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire||185-190|
|Appendix E: Excerpt from the Food, Conservation,and Energy Act of 2008||191-198|
|Appendix F: Types of Grants Offered in Each AFRI Program (20092013)||199-206|
|Appendix G: Profile of Average NRI and AFRI Projects (20082012)||207-218|
|Appendix H: Data Processing for Program Evaluation||219-222|
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