The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships, and was established in 1982 to encourage small businesses to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the U.S. government’s many missions. The U.S. Congress tasked the National Research Council with undertaking a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation and used small businesses to meet federal research and development needs, and with recommending further improvements to the program. In the first round of this study, an ad hoc committee prepared a series of reports from 2004 to 2009 on the SBIR program at the five agencies responsible for 96 percent of the program’s operations -- including the National Science Foundation (NSF). Building on the outcomes from the first round, this second round presents the committee’s second review of the NSF SBIR program’s operations.
Public-private partnerships like SBIR are particularly important since today's knowledge economy is driven in large part by the nation's capacity to innovate. One of the defining features of the U.S. economy is a high level of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurs in the United States see opportunities and are willing and able to assume risk to bring new welfare-enhancing, wealth-generating technologies to the market. Yet, although discoveries in areas such as genomics, bioinformatics, and nanotechnology present new opportunities, converting these discoveries into innovations for the market involves substantial challenges. The American capacity for innovation can be strengthened by addressing the challenges faced by entrepreneurs.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. SBIR at the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/18944.
|2 NSF and Its SBIR Program||22-53|
|3 SBIR Awards at the National Science Foundation||54-85|
|4 Commercial and Knowledge Outcomes||86-123|
|5 The Phase IIB Program||124-151|
|6 Insights from Case Studies and Extended Survey Responses||152-174|
|7 Findings and Recommendations||175-200|
|Appendix A: Overview of Methodological Approaches, Data Sources, and Survey Tools||203-221|
|Appendix B: Major Changes to the SBIR Program Resulting from the 2011 SBIR Reauthorization Act, Public Law 112-81, December 2011||222-225|
|Appendix C: 2011 Survey Instrument||226-239|
|Appendix D: 2010 Phase IIB Survey Instrument||240-251|
|Appendix E: Case Studies||252-336|
|Appendix F: Bibliography||337-352|
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