The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction.
Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs.
The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.
Institute of Medicine. 1994. Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/2139.
|OVERVIEW, 1 Introduction
|2 New Directions in Definitions
|LESSONS FROM HEALTH RESEARCH, 3 Prevention of Physical Illness
|4 The Core Sciences: Contributions and Frontiers
|5 Description of Five Illustrative Mental Disorders
|6 Risk and Protective Factors for the Onset of Mental Disorders
|7 Illustrative Preventive Intervention Research Programs
|8 Treatment Research and Prevention Research: A Collaborative Frontier
|9 Mental Health Promotion
|AN AGENDA FOR THE NEXT DECADE
|10 Designing, Conducting, and Analyzing Programs Within the Preventive Intervention Research Cycle
|11 The Knowledge Exchange Process: From Research into Practice
|12 Infrastructure for Prevention: Funding, Personnel, and Coordination
|13 Conclusions and Recommendations: An Agenda for the Next Decade
|APPENDIXES, A Summary
|D Background Materials
|E Journals Publishing Prevention Articles Related to Mental Disorders
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