Research universities are critical contributors to our national research enterprise. They are the principal source of a world-class labor force and fundamental discoveries that enhance our lives and the lives of others around the world. These institutions help to create an educated citizenry capable of making informed and crucial choices as participants in a democratic society. However many are concerned that the unintended cumulative effect of federal regulations undercuts the productivity of the research enterprise and diminishes the return on the federal investment in research.
Optimizing the Nation's Investment in Academic Research reviews the regulatory framework as it currently exists, considers specific regulations that have placed undue and often unanticipated burdens on the research enterprise, and reassesses the process by which these regulations are created, reviewed, and retired. This review is critical to strengthen the partnership between the federal government and research institutions, to maximize the creation of new knowledge and products, to provide for the effective training and education of the next generation of scholars and workers, and to optimize the return on the federal investment in research for the benefit of the American people.
This final report contains the full contents of Optimizing the Nation's Investment in Academic Research: A New Regulatory Framework for the 21st Century: Part 1, which was initially released as a separate publication.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Optimizing the Nation's Investment in Academic Research: A New Regulatory Framework for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/21824.
|2 Partners in Research and Oversight||33-52|
|3 Federally Funded Research at Universities||53-58|
|4 Regulations and Policies Related to the Acquisition and Use of Federal Research Grants||59-84|
|5 Regulations and Policies Related to the Conduct of Research||85-116|
|6 Regulations and Policies Related to the Financial Management of Research Grants||117-134|
|7 A New Regulatory Framework for the Nation's Investment in Academic Research||135-150|
|9 Ethical, Legal, and Regulatory Framework for Human Subjects Research||153-170|
|10 Reporting of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer||171-176|
|11 Research with Select Agents and Toxins||177-186|
|12 Export Controls||187-192|
|13 Operationalizing the New Regulatory Framework for the Federal Investment in Research Institutions||193-202|
|Appendix A: Biographical Information of Committee and Staff||203-218|
|Appendix B: Recommendations Table||219-232|
|Appendix C: Committee Meeting Agendas||233-242|
|Appendix D: Federal Obligations for Science and Engineering to the 100 Universities and Colleges Receiving the Largest Amounts||243-246|
|Appendix E: Federal Research and Development Spending||247-248|
|Appendix F: A Brief Primer on the Paperwork Reduction Act||249-252|
|Appendix G: The Grants Process at the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health||253-254|
|Appendix H: HHS and USDA Select Agents and Toxins||255-258|
|Appendix I: Report Briefings||259-260|
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