The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship. Integrity in science means that the organizations in which research is conducted encourage those involved to exemplify these values in every step of the research process. Understanding the dynamics that support – or distort – practices that uphold the integrity of research by all participants ensures that the research enterprise advances knowledge.
The 1992 report Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process evaluated issues related to scientific responsibility and the conduct of research. It provided a valuable service in describing and analyzing a very complicated set of issues, and has served as a crucial basis for thinking about research integrity for more than two decades. However, as experience has accumulated with various forms of research misconduct, detrimental research practices, and other forms of misconduct, as subsequent empirical research has revealed more about the nature of scientific misconduct, and because technological and social changes have altered the environment in which science is conducted, it is clear that the framework established more than two decades ago needs to be updated.
Responsible Science served as a valuable benchmark to set the context for this most recent analysis and to help guide the committee’s thought process. Fostering Integrity in Research identifies best practices in research and recommends practical options for discouraging and addressing research misconduct and detrimental research practices.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Fostering Integrity in Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/21896.
|Part One: The Integrity of Research||11-12|
|2 Foundations of Integrity in Research: Core Values and Guiding Norms||27-38|
|3 Important Trends and Challenges in the Research Environment||39-54|
|Part Two: Research Misconduct and Detrimental Research Practices||55-56|
|4 Context and Definitions||57-76|
|5 Incidence and Consequences||77-90|
|6 Understanding the Causes||91-104|
|7 Addressing Research Misconduct and Detrimental Research Practices: Current Knowledge and Issues||105-146|
|8 Exploring New Approaches||147-160|
|Part Three: Fostering Integrity in Research||161-162|
|9 Identifying and Promoting Best Practices for Research Integrity||163-194|
|10 Education for the Responsible Conduct of Research||195-204|
|11 Findings and Recommendations||205-224|
|Appendix A: Biographical Information on the Committee and Staff||227-238|
|Appendix B: Agendas of Committee Meeting Public Sessions||239-244|
|Appendix C: Assessing the Effectiveness of Responsible Conduct of Research Training: Key Findings and Viable Procedures||245-264|
|Appendix D: Detailed Case Histories||265-286|
|Appendix E: Bibliography||287-310|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses.If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.