There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have involved fatigued drivers. The stresses associated with their particular jobs (irregular schedules, etc.) and the lifestyle that many truck and bus drivers lead, puts them at substantial risk for insufficient sleep and for developing short- and long-term health problems.
Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety assesses the state of knowledge about the relationship of such factors as hours of driving, hours on duty, and periods of rest to the fatigue experienced by truck and bus drivers while driving and the implications for the safe operation of their vehicles. This report evaluates the relationship of these factors to drivers’ health over the longer term, and identifies improvements in data and research methods that can lead to better understanding in both areas.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health, and Highway Safety: Research Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/21921.
|PART I: BACKGROUND||25-26|
|2 The Trucking and Bus Industries||27-42|
|3 Consequences of Fatigue from Insufficient Sleep||43-50|
|4 Hours-of-Service Regulations||51-58|
|PART II: CURRENT RESEARCH DATA AND METHODS||59-60|
|5 Data Sources||61-86|
|6 Research Methodology and Principles: Assessing Causality||87-104|
|PART III: CURRENT RESEARCH FINDINGS||105-106|
|7 Fatigue, Hours of Service, and Highway Safety||107-130|
|8 Fatigue and Health and Wellness||131-152|
|9 Technological Countermeasures for and Corporate Management of Fatigue||153-170|
|PART IV: RESEARCH DIRECTIONS||171-172|
|10 Research Directions for Fatigue and Highway Safety||173-202|
|11 Research Directions for Studying the Impact of Fatigue on Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers' Health and Wellness||203-216|
|Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff||245-252|
|Committee on National Statistics||253-254|
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