TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 449: Strategies to Mitigate the Impacts of Chloride Roadway Deicers on the Natural Environment documents the range of methods, tools, and techniques used by transportation agencies to minimize the environmental impact of chloride-based roadway deicers.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2013. Strategies to Mitigate the Impacts of Chloride Roadway Deicers on the Natural Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/22506.
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