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Biodiversity--the genetic variety of life--is an exuberant product of the evolutionary past, a vast human-supportive resource (aesthetic, intellectual, and material) of the present, and a rich legacy to cherish and preserve for the future. Two urgent challenges, and opportunities, for 21st-century science are to gain deeper insights into the evolutionary processes that foster biotic diversity, and to translate that understanding into workable solutions for the regional and global crises that biodiversity currently faces. A grasp of evolutionary principles and processes is important in other societal arenas as well, such as education, medicine, sociology, and other applied fields including agriculture, pharmacology, and biotechnology. The ramifications of evolutionary thought also extend into learned realms traditionally reserved for philosophy and religion.

The central goal of the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series is to promote the evolutionary sciences through state-of-the-art colloquia--in the series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--and their published proceedings. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. This tenth and final edition of the In the Light of Evolution series focuses on recent developments in phylogeographic research and their relevance to past accomplishments and future research directions.

Suggested Citation

National Academy of Sciences. 2017. In the Light of Evolution: Volume X: Comparative Phylogeography. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

432 pages |  6 x 9 | 

  • Hardcover:  978-0-309-44422-4
  • Ebook:  978-0-309-44425-5
Chapters skim
Front Matter i-xvi
1 Comparative Phylogeography of the Ocean Planet - Brian W. Bowen, Michelle R. Gaither, Joseph D. Di Battista, Matthew Iacchei, Kimberly R. Andrews, W. Stewart Grant, Robert J. Toonen, and John C. Briggs 5-22
2 Comparative Phylogeography Clarifies the Complexity and Problems of Continental Distribution That Drove A. R. Wallace to Favor Islands - Brett R. Riddle 23-44
3 Inferring Responses to Climate Dynamics from Historical Demography in Neotropical Forest Lizards - Ivan Prates, Alexander T. Xue, Jason L. Brown, Diego F. Alvarado-Serrano, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Michael J. Hickerson, and Ana C. Carnaval 45-66
4 Comparative Phylogeography of Oceanic Archipelagos: Hotspots for Inferences of Evolutionary Process - Kerry L. Shaw and Rosemary G. Gillespie 67-86
5 Effects of the Population Pedigree on Genetic Signatures of Historical Demographic Events - John Wakeley, Landra King, and Peter R. Wilton 91-112
6 The Probability of Monophyly of a Sample of Gene Lineages on a Species Tree - Rohan S. Mehta, David Bryant, and Noah A. Rosenberg 113-136
7 Phylogeographic Model Selection Leads to Insight into the Evolutionary History of Four-Eyed Frogs - Maria Tereza C. Thom and Bryan C. Carstens 137-154
8 Toward a Paradigm Shift in Comparative Phylogeography Driven by Trait-Based Hypotheses - Anna Papadopoulou and L. Lacey Knowles 155-170
9 Reticulation, Divergence, and the PhylogeographyPhylogenetics Continuum - Scott V. Edwards, Sally Potter, C. Jonathan Schmitt, Jason G. Bragg, and Craig Moritz 171-190
10 Global Biogeography of Microbial Nitrogen-Cycling Traits in Soil - Michaeline B. Nelson, Adam C. Martiny, and Jennifer B. H. Martiny 195-214
11 Phenotypes in Phylogeography: Species' Traits, Environmental Variation, and Vertebrate Diversification - Kelly R. Zamudio, Rayna C. Bell, and Nicholas A. Mason 215-234
12 Geogenetic Patterns in Mouse Lemurs (Genus *Microcebus*) Reveal the Ghosts of Madagascar's Forests Past - Anne D. Yoder, C. Ryan Campbell, Marina B. Blanco, Mario Dos Reis, Jrg U. Ganzhorn, Steven M. Goodman, Kelsie E. Hunnicutt, Peter A. Larsen, Peter M. Kappeler, Rodin M. Rasoloarison, Jos M. Ralison, David L. Swofford, and David W. Weisrock 235-256
13 Bison Phylogeography Constrains Dispersal and Viability of the Ice-Free Corridor in Western Canada - Peter D. Heintzman, Duane Froese, John W. Ives, Andr. E. R. Soares, Grant D. Zazula, Brandon Letts, Thomas D. Andrews, Jonathan C. Driver, Elizabeth Hall, P. Gregory Hare, Christopher N. Jass, Glen MacKay, John R. Southon, Mathias Stiller, Robin Woywitka, Marc A. Suchard, and Beth Shapiro 257-274
14 Evolutionary Lessons from California Plant Phylogeography - Victoria L. Sork, Paul F. Gugger, Jin-Ming Chen, and Silke Werth 275-294
15 Human Phylogeography and Diversity - Alexander H. Harcourt 295-310
16 Union of Phylogeography and Landscape Genetics - Leslie J. Rissler 313-330
References 331-400
Index 401-416

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