Millions of Americans use e-cigarettes. Despite their popularity, little is known about their health effects. Some suggest that e-cigarettes likely confer lower risk compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes, because they do not expose users to toxicants produced through combustion. Proponents of e-cigarette use also tout the potential benefits of e-cigarettes as devices that could help combustible tobacco cigarette smokers to quit and thereby reduce tobacco-related health risks. Others are concerned about the exposure to potentially toxic substances contained in e-cigarette emissions, especially in individuals who have never used tobacco products such as youth and young adults. Given their relatively recent introduction, there has been little time for a scientific body of evidence to develop on the health effects of e-cigarettes.
Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes reviews and critically assesses the state of the emerging evidence about e-cigarettes and health. This report makes recommendations for the improvement of this research and highlights gaps that are a priority for future research.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/24952.
|Summary Annex Report Conclusions by Level of Evidence||17-22|
|2 Committee Approach||43-52|
|Section I: E-Cigarette Devices, Constituents, and Exposures||53-54|
|3 E-Cigarette Devices, Uses, and Exposures||55-88|
|5 Toxicology of E-Cigarette Constituents||155-216|
|6 Research Needs: E-Cigarette Devices, Constituents, and Exposures||217-220|
|Section II: Effects of E-Cigarettes on Health||221-222|
|7 Modes of Action||223-254|
|8 Dependence and Abuse Liability||255-338|
|9 Cardiovascular Disease||339-380|
|11 Respiratory Diseases||405-454|
|12 Oral Diseases||455-460|
|13 Developmental and Reproductive Effects||461-472|
|14 Injuries and Poisonings||473-480|
|15 Research Needs: Effects of E-Cigarettes on Health||481-486|
|Section III: Public Health Implications of E-Cigarettes||487-492|
|16 Combustible Tobacco Cigarette Smoking Among Youth and Young Adults||493-540|
|17 Smoking Cessation Among Adults||541-588|
|18 Harm Reduction||589-630|
|19 Modeling of E-Cigarette Use||631-652|
|20 Research Needs: Public Health Implications of E-Cigarettes||653-656|
|21 Concluding Observations||657-660|
|Appendix A: Questions from the Center for Tobacco Products of the Food and Drug Administration Submitted for the Committee's Consideration||661-664|
|Appendix B: Search Strategy and Quality Assessment||665-696|
|Appendix C: Glossary of Terms Related to E-Cigarettes||697-702|
|Appendix D: Cytotoxicity Tables||703-740|
|Appendix E: Public Meeting Agenda||741-744|
|Appendix F: Committee Biosketches||745-750|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses.If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.