To derive statistics about crime – to estimate its levels and trends, assess its costs to and impacts on society, and inform law enforcement approaches to prevent it - a conceptual framework for defining and thinking about crime is virtually a prerequisite. Developing and maintaining such a framework is no easy task, because the mechanics of crime are ever evolving and shifting: tied to shifts and development in technology, society, and legislation.
Interest in understanding crime surged in the 1920s, which proved to be a pivotal decade for the collection of nationwide crime statistics. Now established as a permanent agency, the Census Bureau commissioned the drafting of a manual for preparing crime statistics—intended for use by the police, corrections departments, and courts alike. The new manual sought to solve a perennial problem by suggesting a standard taxonomy of crime. Shortly after the Census Bureau issued its manual, the International Association of Chiefs of Police in convention adopted a resolution to create a Committee on Uniform Crime Records —to begin the process of describing what a national system of data on crimes known to the police might look like.
Report 1 performed a comprehensive reassessment of what is meant by crime in U.S. crime statistics and recommends a new classification of crime to organize measurement efforts. This second report examines methodological and implementation issues and presents a conceptual blueprint for modernizing crime statistics.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Modernizing Crime Statistics: Report 2: New Systems for Measuring Crime. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25035.
|2 "Traditional" and "New" Crime: Structuring a Modern Crime Statistics Enterprise||25-48|
|3 Coordination and Governance of Modern National Crime Statistics||49-72|
|Appendix A: Charge to the Panel on Modernizing the Nation's Crime Statistics||85-88|
|Appendix B: Historical Themes in the Development of U.S. Nationa lCrime Statistics||89-110|
|Appendix C: Coverage of Recommended Crime Classification in Current Crime Statistics||111-158|
|Appendix D: Remaining Methodology and Implementation Issues for Modern Crime Statistics||159-182|
|Appendix E: Excerpted State Legal Requirements for Crime Reporting||183-242|
|Appendix F: Cautionary Tales from International Experience: Police-Report Crime Statistics in the United Kingdom||243-248|
|Appendix G: Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff||249-258|
|Committee on National Statistics||259-260|
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