TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Legal Research Digest 52: Legal Implications of Video Surveillance on Transit Systems explores the use of video surveilance systems on buses, trains, and stations. The widespread use of such video surveillance systems has generated numerous legal issues, such as a system’s ability to utilize video to discipline union and non-union employees, safety issues associated with such use, public access to such video, and retention policies regarding video, among others. This digest explores federal and state laws to address these issues, along with the current practices employed by transit agencies to comply with those laws.
The report appendicies are available online:
Appendix A: List of Transit Agencies Responding to the Survey
Appendix B: Survey Questions
Appendix C: Summary of Transit Agencies’ Responses to Survey Questions
Appendix D: Compendium of Federal and State Statutes on Audio and Video Surveillance
Appendix E: Documents Provided by Transit Agencies
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Implications of Video Surveillance on Transit Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25055.
|II. TRANSIT AGENCIES' USE OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
|III. PRIVACY RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TRANSIT AGENCIES' USE OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
|IV. WHETHER THERE IS A RIGHT TO PRIVACY UNDER THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION THAT APPLIES TO THE USE OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
|V. THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY UNDER STATE CONSTITUTIONS
|VI. WHETHER THERE ARE FEDERAL AND STATE STATUTES THAT APPLY TO VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
|VII. REGULATION OF ANY AUDIO PORTION OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
|VIII. VIDEO SURVEILLANCE AND THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN THE WORKPLACE
|IX. REMEDIES AT COMMON LAW FOR INVASION OF PRIVACY
|X. USE OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE IN TORT LITIGATION AND ACCIDENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS
|XI. DISCLOSURE OF VIDEO SURVEILLANCE RECORDS UNDER THE FEDERAL OR A STATE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT OR EQUIVALENT LAW
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