Skip to main content


Almost 25 years have passed since the Demography of Aging (1994) was published by the National Research Council. Future Directions for the Demography of Aging is, in many ways, the successor to that original volume. The Division of Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to produce an authoritative guide to new directions in demography of aging. The papers published in this report were originally presented and discussed at a public workshop held in Washington, D.C., August 17-18, 2017.

The workshop discussion made evident that major new advances had been made in the last two decades, but also that new trends and research directions have emerged that call for innovative conceptual, design, and measurement approaches. The report reviews these recent trends and also discusses future directions for research on a range of topics that are central to current research in the demography of aging. Looking back over the past two decades of demography of aging research shows remarkable advances in our understanding of the health and well-being of the older population. Equally exciting is that this report sets the stage for the next two decades of innovative research–a period of rapid growth in the older American population.

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Future Directions for the Demography of Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Import this citation to:

Publication Info

408 pages |  6 x 9 | 

  • Paperback:  978-0-309-47410-8
  • Ebook:  978-0-309-47413-9
Chapters skim
Front Matter i-xii
PART I: Health Trends and Disparities 1-2
1 Trends in Mortality, Disease, and Physiological Status in the Older Population - Eileen Crimmins 3-30
2 Racial/Ethnic and Nativity Disparities in the Health of Older U.S. Men and Women - Robert A. Hummer and Iliya Gutin 31-66
3 Socioeconomic Status, Health, and Mortality in Aging Populations - Angela M. O'Rand and Scott M. Lynch 67-96
PART II: Social and Environmental Contexts Shaping Aging and Health 97-98
4 Social Well-Being and Health in the Older Population: Moving beyond Social Relationships - Linda J. Waite 99-130
5 Place, Aging, and Health - Kathleen A. Cagney and Erin York Cornwell 131-156
PART III: Families and Intergenerational Transfers 157-158
6 Demography of Aging and the Family - Emily M. Agree 159-186
7 Intergenerational Transfers and the Older Population - Andrew Mason and Ronald Lee 187-214
PART IV: Work and Retirement in the Older Population 215-216
8 The Demography of Retirement - Courtney Coile 217-246
PART V: Disability and Cognitive Health of the Older Population 247-248
9 Cognitive Aging, Dementia, and the Future of an Aging Population - Kenneth M. Langa 249-268
10 The Demography of Late-Life Disability - Vicki A. Freedman 269-306
PART VI: The Demography of Aging on a Global Scale 307-308
11 The Demography of Aging in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Chronological versus Functional Perspectives - Nikkil Sudharsanan and David E. Bloom 309-338
12 Health, Economic Status, and Aging in High-Income Countries - Jinkook Lee and James P. Smith 339-368
PART VII: New Approaches in Measurement 369-370
13 New Measures and New Designs in Demography of Aging Research - David R. Weir, Linda J. Waite, Rebeca Wong, and Vicki A. Freedman 371-396

What is skim?

The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.

Copyright Information

The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Marketplace service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Marketplace, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Marketplace allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Marketplace you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the NAP through Marketplace:

  • Republish text, tables, figures, or images in print
  • Post on a secure Intranet/Extranet website
  • Use in a PowerPoint Presentation
  • Distribute via CD-ROM
  • Photocopy

Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Marketplace service, please contact:

Marketplace Support
International +1.978.646.2600
US Toll Free +1.855.239.3415

To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at

loading iconLoading stats for Future Directions for the Demography of Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop...