Resilient supply chains are crucial to maintaining the consistent delivery of goods and services to the American people. The modern economy has made supply chains more interconnected than ever, while also expanding both their range and fragility. In the third quarter of 2017, Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria revealed some significant vulnerabilities in the national and regional supply chains of Texas, Florida, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. The broad impacts and quick succession of these three hurricanes also shed light on the effectiveness of the nation's disaster logistics efforts during response through recovery.
Drawing on lessons learned during the 2017 hurricanes, this report explores future strategies to improve supply chain management in disaster situations. This report makes recommendations to strengthen the roles of continuity planning, partnerships between civic leaders with small businesses, and infrastructure investment to ensure that essential supply chains will remain operational in the next major disaster. Focusing on the supply chains food, fuel, water, pharmaceutical, and medical supplies, the recommendations of this report will assist the Federal Emergency Management Agency as well as state and local officials, private sector decision makers, civic leaders, and others who can help ensure that supply chains remain robust and resilient in the face of natural disasters.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Strengthening Post-Hurricane Supply Chain Resilience: Observations from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25490.
|2 Critical Concepts of Supply Chain Flow and Resilience||17-26|
|3 Overview of Supply Chain Impacts from the 2017 Hurricanes||27-50|
|4 Strategies to Foster More Effective Conveyance and Distribution of Critical Relief and Recovery Supplies||51-84|
|5 The Federal Emergency Management Agency s Current Progress, Opportunities, and Challenges||85-90|
|Appendix A: Speakers from the Committee Meetings||95-98|
|Appendix B: Overview of the CNA Analyses||99-102|
|Appendix C: Resources and Tools to Support Information Sharing||103-106|
|Appendix D: Regulatory Assistance and Relevant Authorities for Disaster Relief by Federal Agencies||107-118|
|Appendix E: Committee Biographies||119-124|
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