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In June 2018, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released the report Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology. The report was prepared for the Department of Defense (DOD), specifically for the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Chemical and Biological Defense. The study process for the June 2018 report was conducted without access to any classified information and the report underwent security review prior to being publicly released as an unclassified document. Several months following the release of the report, a workshop with unclassified and closed discussions was held on October 11-12, 2018. The purpose of the workshop was to convene federal agency personnel and the report committee to explore the report and its implications for what steps DOD might explore to develop options to mitigate potential misuse of synthetic biology capabilities. This publication provides unclassified highlights from both the unclassified and closed workshop discussions.

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strategies for Identifying and Addressing Vulnerabilities Posed by Synthetic Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop–in Brief. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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6 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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