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Nearly all transit agencies are seeing potential benefits to multimodal payment convergence. However, many agencies find that implementing necessary upgrades is cost-prohibitive, which is the biggest barrier to full adoption.

The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 144: Multimodal Fare Payment Integration documents current practices and experiences of transit agencies dealing with the complexities of multimodal fare payment convergence.

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Multimodal Fare Payment Integration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

86 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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