Recommendations for feeding infants and young children have changed substantially over time owing to scientific advances, cultural influences, societal trends, and other factors. At the same time, stronger approaches to reviewing and synthesizing scientific evidence have evolved, such that there are now established protocols for developing evidence-based health recommendations. However, not all authoritative bodies have used such approaches for developing infant feeding guidance, and for many feeding questions there is little or no sound evidence available to guide best practices, despite the fact that research on infant and young child feeding has expanded in recent decades. Summarizing the current landscape of feeding recommendations for infants and young children can reveal the level of consistency of existing guidance, shed light on the types of evidence that underpin each recommendation, and provide insight into the feasibility of harmonizing guidelines.
Feeding Infants and Children from Birth to 24 Months collects, compares, and summarizes existing recommendations on what and how to feed infants and young children from birth to 24 months of age. This report makes recommendations to stakeholders on strategies for communicating and disseminating feeding recommendations.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Feeding Infants and Children from Birth to 24 Months: Summarizing Existing Guidance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25747.
|3 Characteristics of Included Guideline Documents||37-62|
|4 Existing Recommendations on What to Feed||63-126|
|5 Existing Recommendations on How to Feed||127-154|
|6 Communication and Dissemination||155-170|
|7 Conclusions and Future Directions||171-184|
|Appendix A: Excluded Guideline Documents||197-206|
|Appendix B: Abstracted Recommendati||207-324|
|Appendix C: Committee Member Biographical Sketches||325-332|
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