The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine last reviewed the state of the science on nutrition during pregnancy and lactation 30 years ago. The resulting consensus study reports from the Institute of Medicine—Nutrition During Pregnancy (IOM, 1990) and Nutrition During Lactation (IOM, 1991)—summarized the scientific evidence and provided nutrient recommendations. In the decades since the release of these two reports, the body of evidence on the relationships between nutrition during pregnancy and lactation and maternal and infant health and chronic disease has continued to grow and evolve. At the same time, the demographics of the population have shifted, giving rise to new considerations. To explore the evidence that has emerged, the National Academies conducted a 2-day workshop in January 2020. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation: Exploring New Evidence: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25841.
|2 Macronutrient Requirements
|3 One-Carbon Metabolism Micronutrients
|4 Iron, Vitamin D, Calcium, Antioxidants, and Iodine
|5 Dietary Supplements
|6 New Developments and Emerging Topics
|7 Maternal Intakes and Nutritional Status During Lactation and the Implications for Maternal and Infant Health
|8 Maternal Nutrient Intake and Early-Life Programming
|9 The Role of Systems and Policies in Providing Solutions to Nutrition Access and Equity During Pregnancy and Lactation
|10 Reflections on the Workshop
|Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations
|Appendix B: Workshop Agenda
|Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Moderators
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Marketplace service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Marketplace, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Marketplace allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Marketplace you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the NAP through Marketplace:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Marketplace service, please contact:
US Toll Free +1.855.239.3415
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at firstname.lastname@example.org.