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Consensus Study Report


As one of the largest federal science and technology (S&T) funding agencies and employers, the Department of Defense (DoD) plays a critical role in the U.S. S&T ecosystem. While DoD draws on the expertise of both U.S. and international researchers to achieve its mission, national security requirements limit many other critical areas of the DoD S&T enterprise to U.S. citizens. This national security imperative calls for DoD to cultivate and support the diverse pool of U.S. talent who can meet DoD needs.

Previous studies by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have documented how Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and other Minority Institutions (MIs) can help to access this expanded population of scientists and engineers. This publication presents interim findings related to the methods and means necessary to advance research capacity at these institutions to address the national security and defense needs of the United States. While critical data-gathering efforts are still in progress, these interim findings can be used to begin to inform decision making processes related to three key areas: current Department of Defense investments, opportunities and challenges at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and other Minority Institutions, and potential best practices for stakeholders.


Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Defense Research at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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59 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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