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Rapid Expert Consultation


The fourth wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States has been fueled by the delta variant, which is more contagious than earlier variants, and a slowing down in new vaccinations. Most hospitalizations and deaths in the United States are occurring among people who are not vaccinated. This context affirms the importance of tackling vaccine hesitancy and communicating with parents of children who are eligible to be vaccinated and those for whom future eligibility is anticipated. This rapid expert consultation identifies actionable guidance that state and local decision makers can use to communicate with the public to build confidence in and promote the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines.

This rapid expert consultation was produced through the Societal Experts Action Network (SEAN), an activity of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that is sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. SEAN links researchers in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences with decision makers to respond to policy questions arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. This project is affiliated with the National Academies' Standing Committee on Emerging Infectious Diseases and 21st Century Health Threats and the Standing Committee on Advancing Science Communication.


Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Communication Strategies for Building Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccines: Addressing Variants and Childhood Vaccinations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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23 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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