Partly in response to a 2015 cargo ship sinking, the U.S. Coast Guard has put in place and proceeded to implement a well-conceived organizational and procedural framework for supporting and overseeing “recognized organizations,” particularly those in the Coast Guard’s Alternative Compliance Program.
TRB Special Report 343: Strengthening U.S. Coast Guard Oversight and Support of Recognized Organizations: The Case of the Alternative Compliance Program recommends a series of steps the Coast Guard should take to strengthen its support for and monitoring of third-party organizations that conduct vessel inspections on its behalf. The study committee concluded that Coast Guard has made significant strides in introducing a comprehensive oversight framework, but that its long-term effectiveness will depend on more pronounced and sustained progress in improving data systems and communications and coordination among Coast Guard and third-party inspection personnel.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Strengthening U.S. Coast Guard Oversight and Support of Recognized Organizations: The Case of the Alternative Compliance Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26450.
|2 Background of the U.S. Flag Fleet and Alternate Compliance Program||27-46|
|3 Coast Guard Actions to Support and Oversee Recognized Organizations and the Alternate Compliance Program||47-66|
|4 Data, Metrics, and Risk-Informed Tools for Compliance Verification and Oversight of Recognized Organizations||67-88|
|5 The Coast Guard Workforce for Alternate Compliance Program Support and Oversight||89-100|
|6 Delegations and Oversight by Foreign Maritime Administrations and Other U.S. Safety Regulatory Agencies||101-120|
|7 Building and Sustaining a Safety Partnership||121-134|
|Appendix: Study Committee Biographical Information||135-140|
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