The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are a set of reference values that encompass a safe range of intake and provide recommended nutrient intakes for the United States and Canada. The DRIs for energy are used widely to provide guidance for maintaining energy balance on both an individual and group level.
U.S. and Canadian governments asked the National Academies to convene an expert committee to examine available evidence and provide updated Estimated Energy Requirements (EERs) for their populations. The resulting report presents EER equations that provide a baseline for dietary planners and assessors who are estimating energy needs and monitoring energy balance to enhance the general health of individuals and populations.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26818.
|2 Overview of the DRI Process||31-36|
|3 Methodological Approach to Gathering Evidence||37-42|
|4 Factors Affecting Energy Expenditure and Requirements||43-64|
|5 Development of Prediction Equations for Estimated Energy Requirements||65-110|
|6 Assessing Energy Intakes, Physical Activity, and Indicators of Overweight and Obesity||111-144|
|7 Applications of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy||145-178|
|8 Risk Characterization and Public Health Implications||179-204|
|9 Research Recommendations||205-208|
|Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations||209-212|
|Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies||213-220|
|Appendix C: Open-Session Agendas||221-222|
|Appendix D: Literature Search Strategies and Results||223-254|
|Appendix E: Key Questions and Eligibility Criteria||255-270|
|Appendix F: AMSTAR 2 Tool||271-276|
|Appendix G: Data Analysis Report||277-310|
|Appendix H: Characteristics of the DLW Database||311-336|
|Appendix I: Characteristics of the DLW Validation Studies||337-340|
|Appendix J: Summary of Data Extracted from Systematic Reviews and Other Reviewed Literature||341-476|
|Appendix K: Interview Processes Used in National Surveys||477-480|
|Appendix L: National Survey Data from the United States and Canada||481-516|
|Appendix M: Estimated Energy Requirements by Body Weight Status||517-526|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.