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A decade ago, two National Academies reports — U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health and For the Public's Health: Investing in a Healthier Future — made important recommendations regarding the nation's health and the policies and investments that shape it. They also aimed to raise alarm about the public's lack of awareness that the nation's unrivaled spending on health care is not matched by health outcomes and appears to be worsening.

Although experts know what factors support longer and healthier lives and close health gaps along lines of race and ethnicity, the nation falls short in implementing policies around those factors or investing in needed system changes and interventions to address them (e.g., equitable education, poverty reduction). The National Academies' Roundtable on Population Health Improvement hosted a March 2023 symposium to explore innovative policies addressing poverty and other socio-economic factors and next steps toward more balanced spending on health.

This proceedings document summarizes symposium discussions.


Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Exploring Policies, Investments, and Case-Making for Longer, Healthier Lives for All: Proceedings of a Symposium–in Brief. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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12 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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