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Consensus Study Report


The Department of the Air Force (DAF) is in the early stages of incorporating modern artificial intelligence (AI) technologies into its systems and operations. The integration of AI-enabled capabilities across the DAF will accelerate over the next few years.

At the request of DAF Air and Space Forces, this report examines the Air Force Test Center technical capabilities and capacity to conduct rigorous and objective tests, evaluations, and assessments of AI-enabled systems under operational conditions and against realistic threats. This report explores both the opportunities and challenges inherent in integrating AI at speed and at scale across the DAF.



Public Briefing Video

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Test and Evaluation Challenges in Artificial Intelligence-Enabled Systems for the Department of the Air Force. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

194 pages |  7 x 10 | 

  • Paperback:  978-0-309-70439-7
  • Ebook:  978-0-309-70442-7



Public Briefing Video

Recording of the public briefing webinar where members of the committee discuss the report's key recommendations.

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