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On August 31 and September 1, 2023, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in conjunction with a meeting of its Forum on Cyber Resilience aimed at better understanding recent developments with large language models (LLMs) and their implications for cybersecurity and resilience. Presentations addressed how LLMs are constructed and function, how industry is considering using LLMs generally and for cybersecurity, safeguards that aim to limit LLM outputs deemed harmful and techniques for circumventing them, and, more generally, the trustworthiness of LLMs and their integration into cybersecurity offense and defense.

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2024. Large Language Models and Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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9 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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