In 1946, approximately 40,000 U.S. military personnel participated in Operation CROSSROADS, an atmospheric nuclear test that took place at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Congress passed a law directing the Veterans Administration to determine whether there were any long-term adverse health effects associated with exposure to ionizing radiation from the detonation of nuclear devices. This book contains the results of an extensive epidemiological study of the mortality of participants compared with a similar group of nonparticipants. Topics of discussion include a breakdown of the study rationale; an overview of other studies of veteran participants in nuclear tests; and descriptions of Operation CROSSROADS, data sources for the study, participant and comparison cohorts, exposure details, mortality ascertainment, and findings and conclusions.
Institute of Medicine. 1996. Mortality of Veteran Participants in the CROSSROADS Nuclear Test. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/5428.
|Study Rationale and Overview||4-7|
|Other Studies of the Human Health Effects of Radiation Exposure||8-10|
|Description of Operation Crossroads||21-23|
|Data Sources for the Crossroads Study||24-26|
|The Participant Cohort||27-30|
|The Comparison Cohort||31-34|
|Exposure Definition, Measurement, and Verification||35-43|
|Characterization of the Cohorts and Analysis Plan||49-61|
|Findings and Discussion||62-85|
|Appendix A: National Association of Atomic Veterans (NAAV) Medical Survey||93-98|
|Appendix B: Particpant Description (DNA memorandum dated July 11, 1994)||99-104|
|Appendix C: Standardized Mortality Ratios||105-109|
|Appendix D: Radiation Doses for CROSSROADS Participants and Exposure Surrogate Groups||110-113|
|Appendix E: Verification of Completeness and Accuracy of the participant Roster||114-127|
|Appendix F: Verification of Completeness and Accuracy of Mortality Ascertainment||128-139|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses.If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.