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Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 1970. The Life Sciences: Recent Progress and Application to Human Affairs The World of Biological Research Requirements for the Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

526 pages |  6 x 9 |  DOI:
Chapters skim
Front Matter i-x
Contents xi-xx
Major Conclusions and Recommendations 1-31
Chapter 1: Frontiers of Biology 32-35
The Language of Life 36-51
The Life and Times of a Cell 52-70
Development of an Organism 71-79
Form and Function 80-91
The Nervous System 92-108
Behavior 109-114
Ecology 115-121
The Origin of Life 122-125
Heredity and Evolution 126-132
The Diversity of Life 133-141
Chapter 2: Biology in the Service of Man- Biological Research and Medical Practice 142-176
On Feeding Man 177-187
Man and His Environment 188-194
Renewable Resources 195-209
Industrial Technology 210-219
Chapter 3: The World of Biological Research 220-222
Where Life Scientists Work 223-228
Mobility of Life Scientists 229-229
Previous Education of Working Life Scientists 230-238
Postdoctoral Training 239-244
Educational Limitations 245-245
With What Materials Do Life Scientists Work? 245-247
With What Species Do Life Scientists Work? 248-251
What Facilities and Tools Do Life Scientists Use? 252-256
The Research Group 257-260
What Do Life Scientists Do? 261-263
Financial Support of Research in the Life Sciences 264-274
Research Institutes 275-275
Natural History Museums 275-275
Biological Disciplines 276-277
Chapter 4: The Academic Endeavor in the Life Sciences 278-278
Academic Departments 279-305
Medical Schools as Research and Educational Enterprises 306-313
Agricultural Schools as Research and Educational Enterprises 314-315
Financing Academic Research in Life Sciences 316-331
Chapter 5: Requirements for the Future of the Academic Endeavor in the Life Sciences 332-332
Individual Scientists 333-339
Department Chairmen 340-350
National Considerations 351-356
Chapter 6: Education in Biology 357-359
Elementary and Secondary Education 360-363
University Education 364-384
Chapter 7: Digital Computers in the Life Sciences 385-385
General Facts about Computer Usage 385-387
The State of Computer Application in the Life Sciences 388-401
Conclusions and Recommedations 402-404
Chapter 8: Communication in the Life Sciences 405-406
Special Problems in Handling Biological Information 407-407
Users of Biological Information 408-408
Informal Information Transfer 408-410
Primary Publication 411-418
Review Articles and Data Compliation 419-422
Secondary Information Services 423-423
Specialized Information Center 424-424
Libraries 425-425
Looking Forward 426-426
Chapter 9: Biology and the Future of Man- The Nature of Man 427-427
The Great Hazards 428-451
The Opportunities 452-470
Methodology: Survey of Individual Life Scientists 471-499
Methodology: Survey of Academic Life Science Departments 500-519
Panels and Contributors 520-526

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