In 1997, New York City adopted a mammoth watershed agreement to protect its drinking water and avoid filtration of its large upstate surface water supply. Shortly thereafter, the NRC began an analysis of the agreement's scientific validity.
The resulting book finds New York City's watershed agreement to be a good template for proactive watershed management that, if properly implemented, will maintain high water quality. However, it cautions that the agreement is not a guarantee of permanent filtration avoidance because of changing regulations, uncertainties regarding pollution sources, advances in treatment technologies, and natural variations in watershed conditions.
The book recommends that New York City place its highest priority on pathogenic microorganisms in the watershed and direct its resources toward improving methods for detecting pathogens, understanding pathogen transport and fate, and demonstrating that best management practices will remove pathogens. Other recommendations, which are broadly applicable to surface water supplies across the country, target buffer zones, stormwater management, water quality monitoring, and effluent trading.
National Research Council. 2000. Watershed Management for Potable Water Supply: Assessing the New York City Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/9677.
|1 The Problem||23-44|
|2 The New York City Water Supply System||45-87|
|3 Evolution of Key Environmental Laws, Regulations, and Policies||88-129|
|4 Watershed Management For Source Water Protection||130-157|
|5 Sources of Pollution in the New York City Watershed||158-205|
|6 Tools for Monitoring and Evaluation||206-278|
|7 Land Acquisition and Land Use Planning||279-313|
|8 Phosphorus Management Policies, Antidegradation, and Other Management Approaches||314-385|
|9 Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Practices||386-426|
|10 Setbacks and Buffer Zones||427-467|
|11 Wastewater Treatment||468-491|
|12 Overarching Issues||492-514|
|Appendix A: Abridged Version of the New York City Memorandum of Agreement||515-522|
|Appendix B: Use Classifications and Water Quality Criteria for New York State||523-527|
|Appendix C: Microbial Risk Assessment Methods||528-531|
|Appendix D: Analysis of Wastewater Treatment Plants and On-Site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems||532-541|
|Appendix E: Acronyms||542-544|
|Appendix F: Biographical Information||545-549|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.