Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Craig Marks, chair, retired as vice president of technology and productivity for AlliedSignal Automotive, where he was responsible for product development; manufacturing; quality; health, safety, and environment; and communications and business planning. Dr. Marks is now chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan. After retiring, he was adjunct professor in both the College of Engineering and the School of Business Administration at the University of Michigan and codirector of the Tauber Manufacturing Institute. Previously, in TRW's Automotive Worldwide Sector, Dr. Marks was vice president for engineering and technology and later vice president of technology at TRW Safety Restraint Systems. Prior to joining TRW, he held various positions at GM Corporation, including executive director of the engineering staff; assistant director of advanced product engineering; engineer in charge of power development; electric-vehicle program manager; supervisor for long-range engine development; and executive director of the environmental activities staff. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Dr. Marks received his B.S.M.E., M.S.M.E., and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology.
Vernon P.Roan, vice chair, is director of the Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering and professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Florida, where he has been a faculty member for more than 30 years. Previously, he was director of the Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering and, since 1994, he has also been the director of the University of Florida Fuel Cell Research and Training Laboratory. Previously, he was a senior design engineer with Pratt and Whitney Aircraft. Dr. Roan, who has more than 25 years of research and develop-
ment experience, is currently developing improved modeling and simulation systems for a fuel cell bus program and working as a consultant to Pratt and Whitney on advanced gas-turbine propulsion systems. His research at the University of Florida has involved both spark-ignition and diesel engines operating with many alternative fuels and advanced concepts. With groups of engineering students, he designed and built a 20-passenger diesel-electric bus for the Florida Department of Transportation and a hybrid-electric urban car using an internal-combustion engine and lead-acid batteries. He has been a consultant to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory monitoring their electric and hybrid-vehicle programs. He has organized and chaired two national meetings on advanced vehicle technologies and a national seminar on the development of fuel-cell-powered automobiles and has published numerous technical papers on innovative propulsion systems. He was one of the four members of the Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Panel of the California Air Resources Board, which issued a report in May 1998 regarding the status and outlook for fuel cells for transportation applications. Dr. Roan received his B.S. in aeronautical engineering and his M.S. in engineering from the University of Florida and his Ph.D. in engineering from the University of Illinois.
William Agnew retired as director, Programs and Plans, General Motors Research Laboratories in 1989. He served in the Manhattan District from 1944 to 1946, and attended Purdue University from 1946 to 1952. From 1952 to 1989 he held a number of positions at GM Research Laboratories, including department head, Fuels and Lubricants; head, Emissions Research Department; technical director, Engine Research, Engineering Mechanics, Mechanical Research, Fluid Dynamics, and Fuels and Lubricants Departments; technical director, Biomedical Science, Environmental Science, Societal Analysis, and Transportation Research Departments. Dr. Agnew's technical expertise spans internal combustion engines, gas turbines, engine performance, automotive air pollution, and automotive power plants. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, he has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Purdue University.
Kennerly H.Digges is research professor of engineering and director of biomechanics and automotive safety research, George Washington University. Previously, he was a senior executive in the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). At NHTSA, he was head of the Research and Development Office and managed research to advance motor-vehicle crash-safety standards, such as side-impact protection, and led the development of experimental automobiles that protect occupants in severe crashes. He was also head of NHTSA's Rulemaking Office and contributed to the introduction of automatic restraints for new cars. Prior to joining NHTSA, Dr. Digges spent 10 years directing the U.S. Air Force research program in mechanical systems for aircraft. He is a past director of the Transportation Rehabilitation Engineering Center at the University of Virginia for the National Institute for
Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Dr. Digges is a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers, serving as a Technical Board member and a seminar instructor in computer accident reconstruction. He is an internationally recognized expert in the field of automotive safety and has published numerous papers on accident characterization and safety performance. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and his M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Ohio State University.
W.Robert Epperly is president of Epperly Associates, Inc., a consulting firm. From 1993 to 1997 he was vice president of Catalytica, Inc., and from 1995 to 1997 was president of Catalytica Advanced Technologies, Inc., a company that develops new catalytic technologies for the petroleum and chemical industries. Prior to joining Catalytica, he was general manager of Exxon Corporate Research and director of the Exxon Fuels Research Laboratory. After leaving Exxon he was chief executive officer of Fuel Tech N.V., a company that develops new combustion and air pollution control technologies. Mr. Epperly has written or coauthored more than 50 publications on technical and managerial topics, including two books, and has 38 U.S. patents. He has extensive experience in fuels, fuel cells, engines, catalysis, air pollution control, and the management of research and development programs. He received an M.S. degree in chemical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute.
David E.Foster is professor of mechanical engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and former director of the Engine Research Center, which has won two center of excellence competitions for engine research and has extensive facilities for research on internal combustion engines. A member of the faculty at the University of Wisconsin since he completed his Ph.D., Dr. Foster teaches and conducts research in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, internal combustion engines, and emission formation processes. His work has focused on perfecting the application of optical diagnostics in engine systems and the incorporation of simplified or phenomenological models of emission formation processes into engineering simulations. He has published more than 60 technical articles in this field throughout the world and for leading societies in this country. He is a recipient of the Ralph R.Teetor Award, the Forest R.McFarland Award, and the Lloyd L.Withrow Distinguished Speaker Award of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and he is an SAE fellow. He is a registered professional engineer in the State of Wisconsin and has won departmental, engineering society, and university awards for his classroom teaching. He received a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Norman A.Gjostein is a clinical professor of engineering at the University of Michigan, Dearborn, where he teaches courses in materials engineering. He
retired from Ford Research Laboratory as director, Manufacturing and Materials Research Laboratory, which includes research in advanced materials, manufacturing systems, and computer-aided engineering. He has directed a variety of advanced research programs, including the development of lightweight metals, composite materials, sodium-sulfur batteries, fiber-optic multiplex systems, and smart sensors. He has pioneered studies in surface science and discovered a number of new surface structures that are still under investigation. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD) and the American Society of Metals (ASM), and a recipient of the ASM's Shoemaker Award and ESD's Gold Award. Dr. Gjostein has a B.S. and M.S. in metallurgical engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. in metallurgical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University.
David F.Hagen spent 35 years with Ford Motor Company, where his position prior to retirement was general manager, Alpha Simultaneous Engineering, Ford Technical Affairs. Under his leadership Ford's alpha activity, which involves the identification, assessment, and implementation of new product and process technologies, evolved into the company's global resource for leading-edge automotive products, processes, and analytic technologies. Mr. Hagen led the introduction of the first domestic industry feedback electronics, central fuel metering, full electronic engine controls, and numerous four-cylinder, V6, and V8 engines. Based on his work on Ford's modern engine families, he was awarded the Society of Automotive Engineers E.N.Cole Award for Automotive Engineering Innovation in 1998. Mr. Hagen was employed by the Michigan Center for High Technology from 1995 to 1997 and was its president in 1997. He received his B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Michigan. He is a fellow of the Engineering Society of Detroit and its past president and a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers. He is currently serving on the Engineering Advisory Board of the University of Michigan, Dearborn.
John B.Heywood is Sun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and director of the Sloan Automotive Laboratory. Dr. Heywood's research interests have focused on understanding and explaining the processes that govern the operation and design of internal combustion engines and their fuel requirements. His major areas of research include engine combustion, pollutant formation, operating and emissions characteristics, and fuel requirements of automotive and aircraft engines. He has been a consultant to Ford Motor Company, Mobil Research and Development Corporation, and several other industry and government organizations. He received the U.S. Department of Transportation 1996 Award for the Advancement of Motor Vehicle Research and Development, and several awards from the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is a fellow of SAE and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has a Ph.D. in
mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an Sc.D. from Cambridge University, and an honorary D. Tech from Chalmers University of Technology.
Fritz Kalhammer is a consultant for the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI) Strategic Science and Technology and Transportation Groups. He was cochair of the California Air Resources Board's Battery Technical Advisory Panels on electric vehicle batteries, and he recently chaired a similar panel to assess the prospects of fuel cells for electric vehicle propulsion. He has been vice president of EPRI's Strategic Research and Development and established the institute's programs for energy storage, fuel cells, electric vehicles, and energy conservation. Before joining EPRI, he directed electrochemical energy conversion, storage, and process research and development at Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International), conducted research in solid-state physics at Philco Corporation, and conducted research in catalysis at Hoechst in Germany. He recently completed an assignment as chair of the Year 2000 Battery Technical Advisory Panel to the California Air Resources Board, with a final report issued by the panel. He has a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Munich.
John G.Kassakian is professor of electrical engineering and director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems. His expertise is in the use of electronics for the control and conversion of electrical energy, industrial and utility applications of power electronics, electronic manufacturing technologies, and automotive electrical and electronic systems. Prior to joining the MIT faculty he served in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Kassakian is on the boards of directors of a number of companies and has held numerous positions with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), including founding president of the IEEE Power Electronics Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE's William E.Newell Award for Outstanding Achievements in Power Electronics, the IEEE Centennial Medal, and the IEEE Power Electronics Society's Distinguished Service Award. He has an Sc.D. in electrical engineering from MIT.
Harold H.Kung is professor of chemical engineering at Northwestern University. His areas of research include surface chemistry, catalysis, and chemical reaction engineering. His professional experience includes work as a research chemist at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. He is a recipient of the P.H.Emmett Award and the Robert Burwell Lectureship Award from the North American Catalysis Society, the Herman Pines Award of the Chicago Catalysis Club, the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Fellowship, the John McClanahan Henske Distinguished Lectureship of Yale University, and the Olaf A.Hougen
Professorship at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He has a Ph.D. in chemistry from Northwestern University.
David F.Merrion is a retired executive vice president, Engineering, for Detroit Diesel Corporation. His positions at Detroit Diesel included staff engineer, Emissions and Combustion; staff engineer, Research and Development; chief engineer, Applications; director, Diesel Engineering; general director, Engineering (Engines and Transmissions); and senior vice president, Engineering. He has extensive expertise in the research, development, and manufacturing of advanced diesel engines, including alternative fuel engines. He is a Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) fellow and a member of American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He served as a former president of the Engine Manufacturers Association; member of EPA's Mobile Sources Technical Advisory Committee; member of the Coordinating Research Council; and member of the U.S. Alternative Fuels Council. He has a bachelor of mechanical engineering from General Motors Institute/Kettering University and a master of science in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
John Scott Newman is a professor of chemical engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. His research experience is in the design and analysis of electrochemical systems, transport properties of concentrated electrolytic solutions, and various fuel cells and batteries. He has received the Young Author's Prize from the Electrochemical Society, the David C.Grahame Award, the Henry B.Linford Award, and the Olin Palladium Medal. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the Electrochemical Society. He is author of Electrochemical Systems (Prentice Hall, 1991), which has been translated into Japanese and Russian, and was an associate editor of the Journal of the Electrochemical Society from 1990 to 2000. He has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley.
Roberta Nichols is retired from Ford Motor Company, where from 1979 to 1995 she held several positions, including manager, Electric Vehicle External Strategy and Planning Department, North American Automotive Operations; manager, EV External Affairs, EV Planning and Program Office; manager, Alternative Fuels Department, Environment and Safety Engineering Staff; and principal research engineer, Alternative Fuels Department, Scientific Research Laboratory. She was also a member of the technical staff of Aerospace Corporation from 1960 to 1979 and has held other industry positions. She is a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers, a recipient of the National Achievement Award of the Society of Women Engineers, a recipient of the Clean Air Award for Advancing Air Pollution Technology of the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Her expertise includes alternative fuel vehicles, electric vehicles, internal combustion engines, and
strategic planning. She has a Ph.D. in engineering and an M.S. in environmental engineering from the University of Southern California and a B.S. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
F.Stan Settles is a professor and chair of industrial and systems engineering at the University of Southern California. Prior to his current role he served as program director for design and integration engineering at the National Science Foundation (NSF). Dr. Settles was on loan to the NSF from Arizona State University in Tempe, where he was a research professor in the Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering. In 1992 and early 1993 he served as assistant director for industrial technology in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Settles had a 30-year career with Garrett/AlliedSignal (now Honey well), primarily in Phoenix, Arizona. He held a number of positions in design and project engineering, manufacturing, and general management including manager of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, division director of Planning, division vice president of Manufacturing Operations, and corporate director of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering. He is a fellow and past president of the Institute of Industrial Engineers, a senior member of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers, a member of the American Society for Quality, the American Society for Engineering Education, and the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science. His teaching and research interests are in the areas of quality management, engineering project management, and manufacturing systems engineering. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and served as the chair of the National Research Council's Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design from 1994 to 1999. He has an M.S.E. and a Ph.D. in industrial engineering from Arizona State University. He holds B.S. degrees in both industrial engineering and production technology from LeTourneau University.