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Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat (2002)

Chapter: Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
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Appendixes

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×

Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographies

COMMITTEE

John Steele (Chair) has worked as a Senior Scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution since 1977 (Director, 1977–1989). Dr. Steele earned a D.Sc. in biology in 1964 from University College, London. His research focuses on marine ecosystem dynamics. He is a former member of the Ocean Studies Board. He received the National Academy of Sciences Alexander Agassiz Medal in 1973 and is a Fellow of the Royal Society.

Dayton Lee Alverson worked for the Washington Department of Fisheries, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, and National Marine Fisheries Service during his career as a fisheries research scientist. After his retirement from government, he formed Natural Resources Consultants and served as its President and Chairman of the Board. He has recently stepped down from the Chairman’s position and currently serves the company as Senior Scientist. Dr. Alverson earned a Ph.D. in fisheries and oceanographic science in 1967. His research has focused on resource surveys and assessment, fish behavior, status of marine stocks, bycatch, natural resource policy, and fishing gear technology.

Peter Auster has worked as Science Director for the National Undersea Research Center at the University of Connecticut since 1992. Dr. Auster earned an M.S. in biological oceanography in 1985 from the University of Connecticut and a Ph.D. in zoology from the National University of Ireland in Galway in 2000. His research focuses on the effects of fishing gear on the environment, the role of habitat on the distribution and abundance of mobile fauna, the linkages between habitatlevel processes and population-community dynamics, and the scientific basis for marine protected areas. He received a Pew fellowship in Marine Conservation.

Jeremy Collie has been a Professor of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island since 2001. Dr. Collie earned a Ph.D. in biological oceanography in 1985 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution joint program. His research focuses on the effects of disturbance on benthic communities, quantitative ecology with emphasis on population dynamics and production of marine mammals, fish population dynamics and management, and predator-prey interactions.

Joseph T. DeAlteris has been a Professor at the University of Rhode Island since 1995. Dr. DeAlteris earned a Ph.D. in 1986 from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, with a specialization in physical processes. His recent research has focused on aquatic resource harvesting technologies and their effect on the ecosystem, in particular the reduction of bycatch through development of size- and species-specific fishing gear and the quantitative evaluation of effects of fishing gear on fish stocks, habitat, and manmade structures placed on and under the seabed.

Linda Deegan has worked as an Associate Scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole since 1989. Dr. Deegan earned a Ph.D. in marine sciences in 1985 from the Louisiana State University. Her research

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×

focuses on the relationship between ecosystem dynamics and animal populations, effects of habitat degradation on fish community structure, and the importance of fish in exporting nutrients and carbon from estuaries.

Elva Escobar-Briones has worked at the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico since 1989. Dr.Escobar-Briones earned a Ph.D. in biological oceanography in 1987 from the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. Her research focuses on benthic community structure and function. She served as a committee member of the Ocean Studies Board’s Academia Mexicana de Ciencias/National Research Council joint working group on ocean sciences. She has served as head of the Department of Coastal and Ocean Sciences since 1999.

Stephen J. Hall was Professor of Marine Biology at Flinders University of South Australia before his recent appointment as Director of the Australian Institute of Marine Science. He has published extensively on the structure and functioning of marine ecological systems, focusing especially on the effects of natural and human disturbance. He has recently published a book on the global effects of fishing on marine communities and ecosystems. Dr. Hall has served on numerous national and international committees and is a past chairman of the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) Working Group on the Ecosystem Effects of Fishing Activities—a group that provides advice to ICES and the European Commission on fishing effects and other aspects of coastal zone management. He is also a recent recipient of a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation.

Gordon H. Kruse has worked as the President’s Professor of Fisheries with the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau Center, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences since November 2001. Previously, Dr.Kruse worked for the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. In his capacity as Chief Marine Fisheries Scientist he led the state’s marine fishery research program for shellfish, groundfish, and herring. Dr. Kruse’s marine fisheries research interests include population estimation models, stock production parameters, fishery management strategies, population and ecosystem dynamics, and fishery oceanography. He earned a Ph.D. in fisheries science in 1983 from Oregon State University. Dr. Kruse is U.S. delegate to the Fishery Science Committee of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization, and he serves as a member of the Committee on the Alaska Groundfish Fishery and Steller Sea Lions.

Caroline Pomeroy has been an Assistant Research Scientist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, since 1995. Dr. Pomeroy earned a M.A. in marine affairs and policy from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School in 1989 and a Ph.D. in wildlife and fisheries science (with an emphasis in sociology) in 1993 from Texas A&M University. Her research focuses on the social, cultural, and economic aspects of fisheries and their management; the human dimensions of marine protected areas; and on the role of resource users and local knowledge in resource management. She also serves on the Research Activity Panel for the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

Kathryn M. Scanlon is a Geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Coastal and Marine Geology Program. Ms. Scanlon earned a B.S. in geology in 1976 from Cornell University and an M.S. in geology in 1979 from the State University of New York at Albany. Her research focuses on mapping surficial seafloor geology, interpreting the geologic history of marine environments, and understanding relationships between biological communities and geologic processes in benthic marine habitats.

Priscilla Weeks has worked as a Research Associate at the Environmental Institute of Houston, University of Houston, Clear Lake, since 1993. Dr. Weeks earned a Ph.D. in anthropology in 1988 from the Rice University. Her research focuses on cultural anthropology, social aspects of natural resource management and environmental regulations, social aspects of natural resource management and rural development, and cross-cultural scientific collaboration. She is also a member of the socioeconomic panel that provides advice to the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council.

STAFF

Susan Roberts serves as a Senior Program Officer with the Ocean Studies Board. Dr. Roberts received a Ph.D. in marine biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Her research interests include marine microbiology, fish physiology, and biomedicine. She

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×

staffs studies on the management of living marine resources.

Jodi Bachim serves as a Senior Project Assistant for the Ocean Studies Board. She received a B.S. in zoology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1998. Since starting with the Ocean Studies Board in May 1999, Ms. Bachim has worked on several studies regarding fisheries, geology, nutrient over-enrichment, and marine mammals. Currently, she is working towards an M.S. in environmental biology.

Abby Schneider served as a National Research Council Fellow during the spring term of 2001. She received a B.S. in environmental engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program in environmental chemistry at the University of Maryland.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×
Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×
Page 76
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×
Page 78
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
×
Page 79
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Concerns over the potential ecological effects of fishing have increased with the expansion of fisheries throughout the marine waters of the United States. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat describes how assessment of fishing impacts depends on gear type, number and location of bottom tows, and the physical and biological characteristics of seafloor habitats. Many experimental studies have documented acute, gear—specific effects of trawling and dredging on various types of habitat. These studies indicate that low mobility, long—lived species are more vulnerable to towed fishing gear than short—lived species in areas where the seabed is often disturbed by natural phenomena. Trawling and dredging may also change the composition and productivity of fish communities dependent on seafloor habitats for food and refuge. The scale of these impacts depends on the level of fishing effort. This volume presents color maps of fishing effort for all regions with significant bottom trawl or dredge fisheries—the first time that such data has been assembled and analyzed for the entire nation.

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