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Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat (2002)

Chapter: Appendix E: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
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Appendix E Acronyms


EFH

essential fish habitat

EUNIS

European Nature Information System


FMC

fishery management council


GIS

geographic information system

GPS

global positioning system


HAPC

habitat area of particular concern

HP

horsepower


MPA

marine protected area


NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service


SFA

Sustainable Fisheries Act


TAC

total allowable catch

TAF

total area fished

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2002. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10323.
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Concerns over the potential ecological effects of fishing have increased with the expansion of fisheries throughout the marine waters of the United States. Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat describes how assessment of fishing impacts depends on gear type, number and location of bottom tows, and the physical and biological characteristics of seafloor habitats. Many experimental studies have documented acute, gear—specific effects of trawling and dredging on various types of habitat. These studies indicate that low mobility, long—lived species are more vulnerable to towed fishing gear than short—lived species in areas where the seabed is often disturbed by natural phenomena. Trawling and dredging may also change the composition and productivity of fish communities dependent on seafloor habitats for food and refuge. The scale of these impacts depends on the level of fishing effort. This volume presents color maps of fishing effort for all regions with significant bottom trawl or dredge fisheries—the first time that such data has been assembled and analyzed for the entire nation.

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