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Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century (2003)

Chapter:Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
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Appendix B
School of Public Health Survey Instrument

Dear Dean,

The IOM Committee on Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century has been asked by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to assess the past and current state of public health professional education and training and contrast it to future practice needs. The committee’s findings will be used to develop a framework for how, over the next five to ten years, education, training, and research in the schools of public health can be strengthened to meet the needs of future public health professionals to improve population health.

As part of its deliberations, the committee has been asked to answer the question, “What progress have schools of public health made in responding to the recommendations of the 1988 IOM report, The Future of Public Health?” The attached survey has been developed with that question in mind since the committee believes that those in the best position to answer the question are the schools of public health.

Each recommendation as stated in the 1988 IOM report is followed by one or more questions. A comment space at the end of the questionnaire is provided for additional information you may wish to share with the committee. We have avoided asking questions about information that is available elsewhere, such as through CEPH.

We appreciate your time and willingness to complete this survey. The information you provide will assist the IOM committee to better understand the current status of public health education and the progress made

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

in preparing graduates of these programs. Please return your responses by March 18, 2002 to:

Marc Ehman (FO 3021)

Research Assistant

Institute of Medicine

2001 Wisconsin Ave, NW

Washington, DC 20007

Email: Mehman@nas.edu

If you have any questions about this questionnaire, please contact

Lyla M. Hernandez

IOM Study Director

Email: Lhernand@nas.edu

Telephone: 518-478-2216

Sincerely yours,

Kristine Gebbie,

Co-Chair

Linda Rosenstock

Co-Chair

Name of School ________________________________

Please list the number of faculty at your school in each of the following categories

1. Full-time faculty with primary appointment in the school of public health _____

2. Full-time faculty with primary appointment in another school _____

Recommendation 1: “Schools of public health should establish firm practice links with state and/or local public health agencies so that significantly more faculty members may undertake professional responsibilities in these agencies, conduct research there, and train students in such practice situations. Recruitment of faculty and admission of students should give appropriate weight to prior public health experience as well as to academic qualifications.”

  1. Do faculty from the school undertake professional responsibilities in a state health department?

    YES _______ NO ________

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
  • If yes, please check the kinds of work undertaken. Check only those that have occurred within the past 5 years.

Requested research projects

Technical assistance

Ongoing professional responsibilities (e.g., serve as local epidemiologist or health officer)

Staff development or training

Appointment to professional advisory committee

Other:______________________

  • During the past 12 months what would you estimate to be the percent of your faculty engaged in such activity?

  1. Is there an opportunity for students to earn credit hours for practice in a state health department? YES ________ NO _________

  • Is there a requirement that students undertake a period of work in a state health department? YES ________ NO ________

  • What do you see as barriers to student practice in state health departments?

  • During the past 12 months, what would YOU estimate to be the percentage of your students who have undertaken a period of work in state health departments?

  1. Do faculty from the school undertake professional responsibilities in a local health department?

    YES ______ NO______ N.A. _______ (no local health dept.)

  • If yes, please check the kinds of work undertaken. Check only those that have occurred within the past 5 years.

Requested research projects

Technical assistance

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

Ongoing professional responsibilities (e.g., serve as local epidemiologist or health officer)

Staff development or training

Appointment to professional advisory committee

Other:______________________

  • During the past 12 months what would you estimate to be the percent of your faculty engaged in such activity?

  1. Is there an opportunity for students to earn credit hours for practice in a local health department?

    YES ________ NO _________ N.A. _____ (no local health dept.)

  • Is there a requirement that students undertake a period of work in a local health department?

    YES ________ NO ________ N.A. ______ (no local health dept.)

  • What do you see as barriers to student practice in local health departments?

  • During the past 12 months, what would you estimate to be the percentage of your students who have undertaken a period of work in local health departments?

  1. How important is professional experience in weighing student applications for admission to the school?

    Very important _______

    Important __________

    Somewhat important _________

    Not important _________

  2. How important is practice-based activity (i.e., non-research, non-academic) experience in recruiting faculty for the school?

    Very important_________

    Important_________

    Somewhat important_______

    Not important _______

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

Recommendation 2: “Schools of public health should fulfill their potential role as significant resources to government at all levels in the development of public policy.”

  1. In your estimate, in which of the activities below has the school been engaged during the past 5 years? Please check all that apply.

    Policy development for legislative body ____

    Public health advocacy with state government ____

    Public health advocacy with local government ____

    Research requested by state policy makers ____

    Research requested by local policy makers ____

    Public health workforce development ____

    Other:__________________________

  2. What do you see as barriers to your school being able to achieve its potential in this area?

Recommendation 3: “Research in schools of public health should range from basic research in fields related to public health, through applied research and development, to program evaluation and implementation research.”

What, in your estimation, is the percent of research conducted in your school that you would characterize as:

___ Basic or fundamental research: research conducted for the purpose of advancing our knowledge.

___ Applied research: research designed to use the results of other research (e.g., basic research) to solve real world problems.

___ Translational research: research on approaches for translating results of other types of research to community use.

___ Evaluative research: the use of scientific methods to assess the effectiveness of a program or initiative.

Recommendation 4: “Schools of public health should take maximum advantage of training resources in their universities, for example, faculty and courses in schools of business administration, and departments of physical, biological, and social sciences.”

Please circle below the other departments/schools where students of your school of public health may take courses that count toward their public health degree.

Medicine

YES

NO

Nursing

YES

NO

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

Dentistry

YES

NO

Pharmacy

YES

NO

Health sciences

YES

NO

Law

YES

NO

Social work

YES

NO

Academic health centers

YES

NO

Other, please specify

___________________________

What is your estimate of the frequency with which such activities have been undertaken during the past 5 years?

Often ________

Sometimes _______

Not very often _____

Please list barriers to such activity

Recommendation 5: “Schools of public health should extend their expertise to advise and assist with the health content of educational programs of other schools and departments of the university.”

Please circle below the other departments/schools where faculty of your school of public health have assisted in development of educational programs.

Medicine

YES

NO

Nursing

YES

NO

Dentistry

YES

NO

Pharmacy

YES

NO

Health sciences

YES

NO

Law

YES

NO

Social work

YES

NO

Academic health centers

YES

NO

Other, please specify

_____________________________

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

What is your estimate of the frequency with which such activities have been undertaken during the past 5 years?

Often _____

Sometimes _____

Not very often _____

Please list barriers to such activity

Recommendation 6: “Schools of public health should encourage and assist other institutions (e.g., colleges, universities, health departments) to prepare appropriate, qualified public health personnel for positions in the field. When educational institutions other than schools of public health undertake to train personnel for work in the field, careful attention to the scope and capacity of the educational program is essential.”

Please circle below the other departments/schools where faculty of your school of public health have assisted in development of educational programs.

Medicine

YES

NO

Nursing

YES

NO

Dentistry

YES

NO

Pharmacy

YES

NO

Health sciences

YES

NO

Law

YES

NO

Social work

YES

NO

Academic health centers

YES

NO

What is your estimate of the frequency with which such activities have been undertaken during the past 5 years?

Often _____

Sometimes _____

Not very often _____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

Please list barriers to such activity

Recommendation 7: Schools of public health should strengthen their response to the needs for qualified personnel for important, but often neglected, aspects of public health such as the health of minority groups and international health.”

Does your school offer courses largely devoted to the following areas? Please check all that apply and attach course(s) outline or description.

Cultural competencies _____

Ethics _____

Health disparities _____

Social justice _____

Human rights _____

International or global health _____

Social epidemiology _____

Recommendation 8: “Education programs for public health professionals should be informed by comprehensive and current data on public health personnel and their employment opportunities and needs.”

  1. Does your school conduct an alumni survey?

    YES ______ NO _______

    If you are willing to share the results of that survey, please enclose a copy of the analysis.

  2. Does your school conduct exit surveys?

    YES ______ NO _________

    If you are willing to share results of these surveys, please enclose a copy of the results of your most recent survey.

  3. Please list other approaches you have used to collect data on public health personnel and their employment opportunities and needs. Please include copies of these reports, to the extent that you wish to share that information.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×

Finally, the committee would like to ask you to let us know what you believe to be the most important challenges and opportunities facing schools of public health and M.P.H. programs over the next 10 years. (Attach additional page if needed.)

We very much appreciate your willingness to participate in this survey and we will be happy to share the results of the analysis of responses as soon as it is available. Thank you.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page190
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page191
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page192
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page193
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page194
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page195
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page196
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page197
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: School of Public Health Survey Instrument." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10542.
×
Page198
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Bioterrorism, drug--resistant disease, transmission of disease by global travel . . . there’s no shortage of challenges facing America’s public health officials. Men and women preparing to enter the field require state-of-the-art training to meet these increasing threats to the public health. But are the programs they rely on provide the high caliber professional training they require?

Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? provides an overview of the past, present, and future of public health education, assessing its readiness to provide the training and education needed to prepare men and women to face 21st century challenges. Advocating an ecological approach to public health, the Institute of Medicine examines the role of public health schools and degree--granting programs, medical schools, nursing schools, and government agencies, as well as other institutions that foster public health education and leadership. Specific recommendations address the content of public health education, qualifications for faculty, availability of supervised practice, opportunities for cross--disciplinary research and education, cooperation with government agencies, and government funding for education.

Eight areas of critical importance to public health education in the 21st century are examined in depth: informatics, genomics, communication, cultural competence, community-based participatory research, global health, policy and law, and public health ethics. The book also includes a discussion of the policy implications of its ecological framework.

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