PREPARING FOR THE REVOLUTION
Information Technology and the Future of the Research University
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
This material is based upon work supported by the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, the National Science Foundation (Grant No. EIA-0102264), the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (Grant No. P0085457), and the National Research Council. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number 0-309-08640-X
Additional copies of this report are available from the
National Academies Press,
500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu
Copyright 2002 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.
PANEL ON THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE FUTURE OF THE RESEARCH UNIVERSITY
JAMES J. DUDERSTADT (Chair), President Emeritus and Millennium Project Director,
The University of Michigan
DANIEL E. ATKINS, Professor of Information and Computer Science, and Executive Director of the Alliance for Community Technology,
The University of Michigan
JOHN SEELY BROWN, Chief Scientist,
Xerox Corporation MARYE ANNE FOX,
North Carolina State University
RALPH E. GOMORY, President,
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
NILS HASSELMO, President,
Association of American Universities
PAUL M. HORN, Senior Vice President for Research,
SHIRLEY ANN JACKSON, President,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
FRANK H. T. RHODES, President Emeritus and Professor,
MARSHALL S. SMITH, Professor,
School of Education, Stanford University and
Program Officer for Education,
LEE SPROULL, Professor,
Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University
DOUG VAN HOUWELING, President and CEO,
University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development/ Internet2
ROBERT WEISBUCH, President,
Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
WM. A. WULF, President,
National Academy of Engineering
JOE B. WYATT, Chancellor Emeritus,
Principal Study Staff:
RAYMOND E. FORNES, Visiting Senior Scientist/Study Director, and Professor of Physics,
North Carolina State University (on sabbatical during 2000-2001)
THOMAS ARRISON, Director,
Forum on Information Technology and Research Universities
Acknowledgment of Reviewers
This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
Ruth Dickstein, University of Arizona
James L. Flanagan, Rutgers University
Robert Gallagher, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Gary Miller, Pennsylvania State University
Gregory Moses, University of Wisconsin
Judy Ozbolt, Vanderbilt University
Matthew Pittinsky, Blackboard, Inc.
Douglas Seefeldt, University of Virginia
Melanie Sturgeon, State of Arizona
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by William G. Howard, Jr., Independent Consultant, and John D. Wiley, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Appointed by the National Research Council, they were responsible for