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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary (2003)

Chapter:Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
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SAFETY IS SEGURIDAD

A Workshop Summary

Committee on Communicating Occupational Safety and Health Information to Spanish-speaking Workers

Committee on Earth Resources

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this workshop summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the summary were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by an agreement between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-08706-6

Additional copies of this summary are available from the
National Academies Press,
500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624–6242 or (202) 334–3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu

Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V.Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. Wm. A.Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
×

COMMITTEE ON COMMUNICATING OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH INFORMATION TO SPANISH-SPEAKING WORKERS

SUSAN C.SCRIMSHAW, Chair,

University of Illinois at Chicago

ROBIN BAKER,

University of California, Berkeley

JAMES PLATNER,

Center to Protect Workers’ Rights, Silver Spring, Maryland

LARRY SHAW-SALAZAR,

IHI Environmental, Phoenix, Arizona

NRC Staff

TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

TANJA PILZAK, Research Assistant,

Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

KAREN L.IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
×

COMMITTEE ON EARTH RESOURCES

SUSAN M.LANDON, Chair,

Thomasson Partner Associates, Denver, Colorado

JAMES C.COBB,

Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington

VICKI COWART,

Colorado Geological Survey, Denver

MURRAY W.HITZMAN,

Colorado School of Mines, Golden

JAMES M.McELFISH, JR.,

Environmental Law Institute, Washington, D.C.

JOHN MURPHY,

University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

DIANNE R.NIELSON,

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City

THOMAS J.O’NEIL,

Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio

DONALD PAUL,

ChevronTexaco, San Francisco, California

RUSSELL STANDS-OVER-BULL,

Arrow Creek Resources, Pryor, Montana

R.BRUCE TIPPIN,

North Carolina State University, Asheville

MILTON H.WARD,

Ward Resources, Inc., Tucson, Arizona

LAWRENCE P.WILDING,

Texas A&M University, College Station

PHILLIP MICHAEL WRIGHT,

Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls

NRC Staff

TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

KERI H.MOORE, Program Officer,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

KAREN IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
×

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

RAYMOND JEANLOZ, Chair,

University of California, Berkeley

JILL BANFIELD,

University of California, Berkeley

STEVEN R.BOHLEN,

Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Washington, D.C.

VICKI COWART,

Colorado Geological Survey, Denver

DAVID L.DILCHER,

University of Florida, Gainesville

ADAM M.DZIEWONSKI,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

WILLIAM L.GRAF,

Arizona State University, Tempe

RHEA GRAHAM,

New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, Albuquerque

GEORGE M.HORNBERGER,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

DIANNE R.NIELSON,

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City

MARK SCHAEFER,

NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia

BILLIE L.TURNER II,

Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts

THOMAS J.WILBANKS,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee

NRC Staff

ANTHONY R.DE SOUZA, Director

TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer

DAVID A.FEARY, Senior Program Officer

ANNE M.LINN, Senior Program Officer

PAUL M.CUTLER, Program Officer

KRISTEN L.KRAPF, Program Officer

KERI H.MOORE, Program Officer

LISA M.VANDEMARK, Program Officer

YVONNE P.FORSBERGH, Research Assistant

MONICA R.LIPSCOMB, Research Assistant

EILEEN M.McTAGUE, Research Assistant

VERNA J.BOWEN, Administrative Associate

JENNIFER T.ESTEP, Administrative Associate

RADHIKA S.CHARI, Senior Project Assistant

KAREN L.IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant

SHANNON L.RUDDY, Senior Project Assistant

TERESIA K.WILMORE, Project Assistant

WINFIELD SWANSON, Editorial Consultant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10641.
×

Acknowledgments

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this summary:

Edward Kissam, Aquirre International

Raja Ramani, Pennsylvania State University

Jackie Nowell, United Food and Commercial Workers International Union

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by Dr. Eula Bingham, University of Cincinnati, Ohio. Appointed by the National Research Council, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

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Approximately 32.8 million persons of Hispanic descent live in the United States, half of whom were born outside the United States (Therrien and Ramirez, 2000). By the year 2050, it is expected that Hispanics will constitute more than 25 percent of the total U.S. population and approximately 15 percent of the U.S. labor force. These estimates and the fact that 90 percent of Hispanic American men and 60 percent of Hispanic American women participate in the U.S. workforce strongly suggest a need for occupational safety and health information in Spanish.

The growing presence of Spanish-speaking workers and employers in the United States and the unprecedented 12-percent increase in the overall rate of workplace fatalities among Hispanic workers in 2000 highlights the need to better communicate occupational safety and health information in Spanish to both employees and employers. To address this need the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is preparing a strategy for developing and disseminating Spanish-language occupational safety and health educational and technical material. To gather information necessary to create this strategic plan the National Research Council (NRC) was asked to host a workshop. The committee commissioned five white papers (see Appendices D-H) and organized a workshop on May 29-30, in San Diego, California.

Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary is a synopsis of the presentations and discussions at the workshop. It does not contain any conclusions and recommendations. The conclusions and recommendations in the white papers represent the views of the authors and not necessarily those of the committee or the NRC. It is intended as input to the NIOSH strategic planning in this area. Chapter 2 discusses the available information and identifies information gaps regarding risks and adverse events for Latino workers. Chapter 3 examines the available health and safety training resource materials for Latino workers, especially for those with little or no English capabilities; in particular, it discusses issues of the linguistic and cultural appropriateness of materials. Chapter 4 considers issues surrounding the assessment of existing materials and the development of new materials. Chapter 5 discusses the various means of conveying information to Spanish-speaking workers, again focusing on cultural appropriateness and ways of maximizing understanding. Chapter 6 summarizes the discussion in the prior chapters and presents some overarching issues raised by the workshop attendees.

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